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Hypertension, a major cardiovascular risk factor and cause of mortality worldwide, is thought to arise from primary renal abnormalities. However, the etiology of most cases of hypertension remains unexplained. Vascular tone, an important determinant of blood pressure, is regulated by nitric oxide, which causes vascular relaxation by increasing intracellular(More)
Abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) contraction plays an important role in vascular diseases. The RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway is now well recognized to mediate vascular smooth muscle contraction in response to vasoconstrictors by inhibiting myosin phosphatase (MLCP) activity and increasing myosin light chain phosphorylation. Two ROCK isoforms, ROCK1(More)
Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase I (PKGI) mediates vascular relaxation by nitric oxide and related nitrovasodilators and inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration. To identify VSMC proteins that interact with PKGI, the N-terminal protein interaction domain of PKGIalpha was used to screen a yeast two-hybrid human aortic cDNA library. The(More)
The accumulation of single-stranded DNA-binding (SSB) proteins is essential for organisms and has various applications. However, no study has simultaneously and systematically compared the characteristics of SSB proteins. In addition, SSB proteins may bind RNA and play an unknown biological role in RNA metabolism. Here, we expressed a novel species of SSB(More)
AIMS Polymorph neutrophils are the predominant inflammatory cells and play a crucial role on the pathogenesis of myocardial injury at the early stage of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the precursors and the differentiation of neutrophils are not fully understood. Here we explored the role of CD11b+Gr-1+ myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs)(More)
The role of genetic abnormality of δ-sarcoglycan (δ-SG) gene in dilated (DCM) and hypertrophied (HCM) cardiomyopathy patients is still unfolding. In this study we first defined the promoter region and then searched for polymorphisms/mutations among the promoter, 5'-untranslated region, and the encoding exons in δ-SG gene in 104 Chinese patients with DCM,(More)
—Stimulation of G protein– or tyrosine kinase– coupled receptors regulates cell proliferation through intracellular Ca 2ϩ ([Ca 2ϩ ] i) signaling. In A7r5 cells, we confirmed that inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP 3) mediates vasopressin (VP)-evoked Ca 2ϩ release from intracellular stores and showed that types 1 (IP 3 R 1) and 3 (IP 3 R 3) IP 3 receptors were(More)
Atrial fibrosis, the hallmark of structural remodeling associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), is characterized by abnormal proliferation of atrial fibroblasts and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)/activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5)/Smad2/3/4 pathway has been reported to be involved in the process.(More)
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