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We previously identified the angiogenesis inhibitor angiostatin. Using a similar strategy, we have identified endostatin, an angiogenesis inhibitor produced by hemangioendothelioma. Endostatin is a 20 kDa C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII. Endostatin specifically inhibits endothelial proliferation and potently inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth. By(More)
Betacellulin, a member of the epidermal growth factor family, has been identified in the conditioned medium of cell lines derived from mouse pancreatic beta cell tumors. Betacellulin is a 32-kilodalton glycoprotein that appears to be processed from a larger transmembrane precursor by proteolytic cleavage. The carboxyl-terminal domain of betacellulin has 50(More)
The phenomenon of inhibition of tumor growth by tumor mass has been repeatedly studied, but without elucidation of a satisfactory mechanism. In our animal model, a primary tumor inhibits its remote metastases. After tumor removal, metastases neovascularize and grow. When the primary tumor is present, metastatic growth is suppressed by a circulating(More)
A tumor-derived growth factor that stimulates the proliferation of capillary endothelial cells has a very strong affinity for heparin. This heparin affinity makes it possible to purify the growth factor to a single-band preparation in a rapid two-step procedure. The purified growth factor is a cationic polypeptide, has a molecular weight of about 18,000,(More)
The switch to the angiogenic phenotype represents a critical checkpoint during tumor progression. The acquisition of new capillary vessels provides newly vascularized tumor nodules with a distinct biological advantage over their avascular counterparts by conferring upon them the ability to expand and develop both locally and metastatically. To identify the(More)
Angiostatin is a circulating inhibitor of angiogenesis generated by proteolytic cleavage of plasminogen. In this study we have used recombinant human and murine angiostatins (kringles 1-4) as well as native human angiostatin (prepared by elastase digestion of plasminogen [kringles 1-3] or by plasmin autocatalysis in the presence of a free sulfhydryl donor(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and progression. Therefore, inhibition of angiogenesis is being studied as a new anticancer therapy. Because cytotoxic chemotherapy is more effective on rapidly growing tumors than on slowly growing tumors, it has been assumed that antiangiogenic therapy will also be effective only on rapidly growing,(More)
Dialyzed, concentrated urine from 21 patients with a history of bladder cancer or a gross bladder tumor was tested for cell motility activity using BALB/c/3T3 cells. Thirteen urine samples from patients with a gross bladder tumor produced a greater increase in cell migration than 8 urine samples from patients with a history of bladder cancer [167% +/- 14(More)
Heparin affinity chromatography has been used to partially purify angiogenic factors from normal and neoplastic tissue. The same technique was used to partially purify angiogenic-like factors from two mouse bladder tumors and urine from mice with bladder cancer. Both MBT-2 and MB49 tumors contained heparin-binding 3T3 cell growth factor activity that was(More)
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