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The metabolic activation of aristolochic acids (AAs) that have been demonstrated to be mutagenic and carcinogenic was investigated. In vitro metabolism study indicated that AAs were metabolized to N-hydroxyaristolactam, which could be either reduced to aristolactams or rearranged to 7-hydroxyaristolactams via the Bamberger rearrangement. In vivo metabolism(More)
2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME2) is an endogenous metabolite of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)). This study aims to examine the anti-tumour activities of 2ME2 on the poorly differentiated HONE-1 NPC cell line. At the concentration of 1 microM, 2ME2 was found to induce a short-term reversible G2/M cell-cycle arrest. Further 10-fold increase to 10 microM, 2ME2 induced both(More)
We here provide definitive evidence that ginsenoside-Rg1, the pharmacologically active component of ginseng, is a functional ligand of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) as determined by fluorescence polarization assay. Rg1 increased the phosphorylation of GR, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K), Akt/PKB and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) leading(More)
Ginsenosides are considered the major constituents that are responsible for most of the pharmacological actions of ginseng. However, some ginsenosides exist as stereoisomeric pairs, detailed and molecular exposition based on the structural differences of ginsenoside stereoisomers has not been emphasized in most studies. Here we explore the functional(More)
Phosphodiesterase-4D (PDE4D) has been proved to be a potential therapeutic target against strokes. In the present study, a procedure of integrating pharmacophore, molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, binding free energy calculations, and finally validation with bioassay was developed and described to search for novel PDE4D inhibitors from(More)
Tetrakis-(4-carbamoylphenyl)-substituted and tetrakis-(4-amidophenyl)-substituted calix[4]arenes as well as the monomeric biphenylcarbamate have been synthesized as fluorescent receptors for anion sensing. Their binding properties with various anions including F-, CH3COO-, Ph-COO-, and H2PO4- were investigated by fluorescence titrations, Job plot(More)
The phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) enzyme is a promising therapeutic target for several diseases. Our previous studies found resveratrol and moracin M to be natural PDE4 inhibitors. In the present study, three natural resveratrol analogs [pterostilbene, (E)-2',3,5',5-tetrahydroxystilbene (THSB), and oxyresveratrol] are structurally related to resveratrol and(More)
In the present work, a combined study of kinetic analysis, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics simulations on indomethacin and its analogues is performed to better understand their inhibitory mechanisms towards human glyoxalase I (GLOI). A remarkable correlation (R(2)=0.974) was observed for six inhibitors including indomethacin between their(More)
[reaction: see text] A facile and efficient protocol for the synthesis of oligophenylene OPP(n)-substituted calix[4]arenes (with n up to 4) via iodo-substituted oligoarylcalix[4]arenes has been developed. The cooperation effect of the proximate fluoroionophores in hexylsulfanyl end-capped OPP(n)-substituted calix[4]arene assemblies leads to metal ion(More)
[structure: see text] The binding affinities of a cholic-acid-based fluorescent neutral receptor toward dicarboxylate anions and amino acids have been investigated in a CH3OH/H2O system (1:1, 0.01 M HEPES buffer, pH = 7.4) by fluorescence titration experiments. The synthetic host bearing four convergent functionalities strongly binds glutamate via multiple(More)