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Solid-state NMR and CD spectroscopy were used to study the effect of antimicrobial peptides (aurein 1.2, citropin 1.1, maculatin 1.1 and caerin 1.1) from Australian tree frogs on phospholipid membranes. 31P NMR results revealed some effect on the phospholipid headgroups when the peptides interact with DMPC/DHPC(More)
The amyloid beta peptide is toxic to neurons, and it is believed that this toxicity plays a central role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease. The mechanism of this toxicity is contentious. Here we report that an Abeta peptide with the sulfur atom of Met-35 oxidized to a sulfoxide (Met(O)Abeta) is toxic to neuronal cells, and this toxicity is(More)
Equinatoxin II (EqtII), a protein toxin from the sea anemone Actinia equina, readily creates pores in sphingomyelin-containing lipid membranes. The perturbation by EqtII of model lipid membranes composed of dimyristoylphosphatidycholine and sphingomyelin (10 mol %) was investigated using wideline phosphorus-31 and deuterium NMR. The preferential interaction(More)
The molecular mobility of protein in lyophilized lysozyme-sugar systems stored at different relative humidities was studied using solid-state NMR. Relaxation measurements, T(1) of high-frequency (MHz), and T(1rho), of low-frequency (kHz) motions, were performed on lysozyme lyophilized with lactose and trehalose. Molecular aggregation and enzymatic activity(More)
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