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Since Loss (1907) established the genus Eurytrema, there were more than eleven species found worldwide from America, Europe to Asia. Adult worms are generally found in pancreatic and bile ducts of wild and domestic ruminants. Some species from wild animal and domestic animal have already differentiated. In this study, we amplified and sequenced the partial(More)
A novel thermostable alpha-glucosidase (TtGluA) from Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis MB4 was successfully expressed in E. coli and characterized. The TtgluA gene contained 2253 bp, which encodes 750 amino acids. The native TtGluA was a trimer with monomer molecular mass of 89 kDa shown by SDS-PAGE. The purified recombinant enzyme showed hydrolytic activity(More)
Toll/Toll-like receptors (TLRs), one of the most important pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), play a crucial role in innate immune responses in both invertebrates and vertebrates. In this study, we cloned and characterised a Toll gene from Scylla paramamosain (SpToll). Bioinformatic analysis predicted that SpToll contained one open reading frame of(More)
A thermostable glucoamylase (TtcGA) from Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis MB4 was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli. The full-length gene (2112 bp) encodes a 703-amino acid polypeptide including a predicted signal peptide of 21 residues. The recombinant mature protein was partially purified to 30-fold homogeneity by heat treatment and gel(More)
In this study, we identified a variable region in the C-terminus of hemocyanin from the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (2288-2503bp, HcSC) by sequence alignments. A total of 13 SNPs were identified by PCR-SSCP and HcSC clone sequencing. The SSCP patterns of HcSC could be modulated in Vibro parahaemolyticus-treated shrimps. A novel SSCP band with four SNP sites(More)
Group A streptococcus (GAS) strains secrete the protein streptokinase (SK), which functions by activating host human plasminogen (hPg) to plasmin (hPm), thus providing a proteolytic framework for invasive GAS strains. The types of SK secreted by GAS have been grouped into two clusters (SK1 and SK2) and one subcluster (SK2a and SK2b). SKs from cluster 1(More)
Recruitment of the serine protease plasmin is central to the pathogenesis of many bacterial species, including Group A streptococcus (GAS), a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. A key process in invasive GAS disease is the ability to accumulate plasmin at the cell surface, however the role of host activators of plasminogen in this process is(More)
BACKGROUND Infection of bacterial Vibrio parahaemolyticus is common in mud crab farms. However, the mechanisms of the crab's response to pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus infection are not fully understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that function as regulators of gene expression and play essential roles in various biological(More)
Infectious diseases have seriously inhibited the aquaculture of mud crab Scylla paramamosain in southeastern China. Identification of the immune molecules and characterization of the defense mechanisms will be pivotal to the reduction of these diseases. Available data show that leucine-rich repeat (LRR) proteins play a crucial role in protein-protein(More)
AaManA, a beta-1,4-mannanase from the thermoacidophile Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius Tc-12-31, was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified in a form suitable for X-ray crystallographic analysis. Crystals were obtained using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method at 291 K using ammonium dihydrogen phosphate as a precipitant. Data were collected from(More)