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OBJECTIVES To revalidate a means of assessing delirium in intensive care unit patients and to investigate the independent effect of delirium on the mortality of mechanically ventilated patients. DESIGN A prospective cohort study. SETTING A 37-bed medical intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS Subjects were 102 of 131 consecutive(More)
Mutational analysis was performed in the kinase domain (exons 18-21) of the EGFR gene on tumor tissues of 65 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who had received gefitinib monotherapy. The association between EGFR gene mutation, gefitinib treatment response, and the overall survival were evaluated. In total, EGFR mutations with complex patterns were(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to investigate the risk factors of developing early-onset delirium in mechanically ventilated patients and determine the subsequent clinical outcomes. METHODS Confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit (ICU) was used to assess the enrolled mechanically ventilated patients for delirium. The risk factors of(More)
OBJECTIVES There are safety issues associated with propofol use for flexible bronchoscopy (FB). The bispectral index (BIS) correlates well with the level of consciousness. The aim of this study was to show that BIS-guided propofol infusion is safe and may provide better sedation, benefiting the patients and bronchoscopists. METHODS After administering(More)
SUMMARY To evaluate the association of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene copy number with EGFR and k-ras mutation status and tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) sensitivity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), EGFR gene copy number of 182 NSCLC tumor specimens were analyzed by chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH). EGFR and k-ras mutation(More)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a highly heterogeneous and recurrent subtype of breast cancer that lacks an effective targeted therapy. To identify candidate therapeutic targets, we profiled global gene expression in TNBC and breast tumor-initiating cells with a patient survival dataset. Eight TNBC-related kinases were found to be overexpressed in(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) initiates a signaling cascade that leads to DNA synthesis and cell proliferation, but its role in regulating DNA replication licensing is unclear. Here, we show that activated EGFR phosphorylates the p56 isoform of Lyn, p56(Lyn), at Y32, which then phosphorylates MCM7, a licensing factor critical for DNA replication,(More)
BACKGROUND Conscious sedation for patients undergoing flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is suggested to alleviate discomfort and improve satisfaction despite controversy regarding its benefits. In Taiwan, the general FB practice involves local anesthesia only. This study aimed to assess the benefits and risks of conscious sedation in diagnostic FB. METHODS This(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) provide promising effect against non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although most tumors acquire resistance. Our objective was to assess the survival outcome of patients with NSCLC with or without subsequent chemotherapy after acquired TKI resistance. PATIENTS AND(More)