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In this review, we begin with a brief discussion of the operating principles and scientific/technical challenges faced by the development of lithium/sulfur cells. We then introduce some recent progress in exploring cathodes, anodes, and electrolytes for lithium/sulfur cells. In particular, several effective strategies used to enhance energy/power density,(More)
We present a novel fabrication method for incorporating nanometer to micrometer scale few-layer graphene (FLG) features onto substrates with electrostatic exfoliation. We pattern highly oriented pyrolytic graphite using standard lithographic techniques and subsequently, in a single step, exfoliate and transfer-print the prepatterned FLG features onto a(More)
Lithium/sulfur (Li/S) cells are receiving significant attention as an alternative power source for zero-emission vehicles and advanced electronic devices due to the very high theoretical specific capacity (1675 mA·h/g) of the sulfur cathode. However, the poor cycle life and rate capability have remained a grand challenge, preventing the practical(More)
Synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction and solid-state (13)C NMR shift tensor data are combined to provide a unique path to structure in microcrystalline organic solids. Analysis is demonstrated on ambuic acid powder, a widely occurring natural product, to provide the complete crystal structure. The NMR data verify phase purity, specify one molecule per(More)
Probe-based memory devices using ferroelectric media have the potential to achieve ultrahigh data-storage densities under high write-read speeds. However, the high-speed scanning operations over a device lifetime of 5-10 years, which corresponds to a probe tip sliding distance of 5-10 km, can cause the probe tip to mechanically wear, critically affecting(More)
The crystal structures of two ibuprofen sodium dihydrates, racemic sodium (RS)-2-(4-isobutylphenyl)propanoate dihydrate or (RS)-NaIBDH, Na+.C13H17O2-.2H2O, and enantiomeric sodium (S)-2-(4-isobutylphenyl)propanoate dihydrate or (S)-NaIBDH, Na+.C13H17O2-.2H2O, have been determined in the space groups P-1 and P1, respectively. The unit cells of the two(More)
In our effort to develop agents for the treatment of influenza, a phenotypic screening approach utilizing a cell protection assay identified a series of azaindole based inhibitors of the cap-snatching function of the PB2 subunit of the influenza A viral polymerase complex. Using a bDNA viral replication assay (Wagaman, P. C., Leong, M. A., and Simmen, K. A.(More)
The loss of sulfur cathode material as a result of polysulfide dissolution causes significant capacity fading in rechargeable lithium/sulfur cells. Here, we use a chemical approach to immobilize sulfur and lithium polysulfides via the reactive functional groups on graphene oxide. This approach enabled us to obtain a uniform and thin (around tens of(More)
Direct deposition of graphene on various dielectric substrates is demonstrated using a single-step chemical vapor deposition process. Single-layer graphene is formed through surface catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbon precursors on thin copper films predeposited on dielectric substrates. The copper films dewet and evaporate during or immediately after(More)
As compounds are optimized for greater potency during pharmaceutical discovery, their aqueous solubility often decreases, making them less viable as orally-administered drugs. To investigate whether potency and insolubility share a common origin, we examined the structural and thermodynamic properties of telaprevir, a sparingly soluble inhibitor of(More)