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Activity of the Ca(2+)-dependent protease calpain is increased in neurons after global and focal brain ischemia, and may contribute to postischemic injury cascades. Understanding the time course and location of calpain activity in the post-ischemic brain is essential to establishing causality and optimizing therapeutic interventions. This study examined the(More)
The purpose of this paper is to model quality of experience (QoE) of media streaming service in a shared fast-fading channel. In this context, the arrival and the service processes of the playout buffer do not have the same job size. We present an analytical framework based on Takács Ballot theorem to compute the probability of buffer starvation and the(More)
Carbon monoxide causes a perivascular oxidative injury in animals, and we tested the hypothesis that endothelial cells could be a source of the injurious oxidants. Studies were undertaken to assess whether exposure to carbon monoxide would cause cultured bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells to liberate reactive species. Concentrations of carbon(More)
This paper studies economic utilities and quality of service (QoS) in a two-sided non-neutral market where Internet service providers (ISPs) charge content providers (CPs) for the content delivery. We propose new models that involve a CP, an ISP, end users and advertisers. The CP may have either a subscription revenue model (charging end users) or an(More)
The role of calpain and caspase family proteases in postischemic neuronal death remains controversial. This study compared the timing, location, and relative activity of calpains and caspases in the adult rat brain following 10 min of transient forebrain ischemia. Western blots of cortical, striatal, and hippocampal homogenates demonstrated a alpha-spectrin(More)
HAL is a multidisciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. L'archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt età la diffusion(More)
Network coding has become a prominent approach to improve throughput of wireless networks. However, most of work in the literature concentrates mainly on 802.11-like random access networks. New technologies such as OFDMA (orthogonal frequency division multiple access), offer new opportunities for employing network coding. This paper considers how to apply(More)
—Our purpose in this paper is to characterize buffer starvations for streaming services. The buffer is modeled as an M/M/1 queue, plus the consideration of bursty arrivals. When the buffer is empty, the service restarts after a certain amount of packets are prefetched. With this goal, we propose two approaches to obtain the exact distribution of the number(More)
Dynamic spectrum sharing is a promising technology to improve spectrum utilization in the future wireless networks. The flexible spectrum management provides new opportunities for licensed primary user and unlicensed secondary users to reallocate the spectrum resource efficiently. In this paper, we present an oligopoly pricing framework for dynamic spectrum(More)
— The paper has two objectives. The first is to study rigorously the transient behavior of some peer-to-peer (P2P) networks whenever information is replicated and disseminated according to epidemic-like dynamics. The second is to use the insight gained from the previous analysis in order to predict how efficient are measures taken against P2P networks. We(More)