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P(4)-ATPases are lipid flippases that transport phospholipids across cellular membranes, playing vital roles in cell function. In humans, the disruption of the P(4)-ATPase ATP8A2 gene causes a severe neurological phenotype. Here, we found that Atp8a2 mRNA was highly expressed in PC12 cells, hippocampal neurons and the brain. Overexpression of ATP8A2(More)
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been well recognized for many decades as an essential early step in the progression of primary tumors towards metastases. Widespread epigenetic reprogramming of DNA and histone modifications tightly regulates gene expression and cellular activity during carcinogenesis, and epigenetic therapy has been(More)
AIM To decipher the molecular interactions between c-Met and its type I inhibitors and to facilitate the design of novel c-Met inhibitors. METHODS Based on the prototype model inhibitor 1, four ligands with subtle differences in the fused aromatic rings were synthesized. Quantum chemistry was employed to calculate the binding free energy for each ligand.(More)
AIM Oligomannurarate 971 derived from a marine plant has shown neuroprotective effects. In this study we synthesized a series of truncated derivatives of the oligosaccharide, and investigated the effect of these derivatives against Aβ peptide toxicity in vitro. METHODS The sulfoxide method was applied to synthesize the derivatives. SH-SY5Y human(More)
Vertebrate inner ear develops from its rudiment, otic placode, which later forms otic vesicle and gives rise to tissues comprising the entire inner ear. Although several signaling molecules have been identified as candidates responsible for inner ear specification and patterning, many details remain elusive. Here, we report that Paraxial Protocadherin(More)
Keloid disease is characterized by hyperproliferation of responsive fibroblasts with vigorously continuous synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Although the process by which keloids develop is poorly understood, most theories of the etiology are referred to fibroblast dysfunction. A central event in dermal repair is the release of growth(More)
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