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P(4)-ATPases are lipid flippases that transport phospholipids across cellular membranes, playing vital roles in cell function. In humans, the disruption of the P(4)-ATPase ATP8A2 gene causes a severe neurological phenotype. Here, we found that Atp8a2 mRNA was highly expressed in PC12 cells, hippocampal neurons and the brain. Overexpression of ATP8A2(More)
Novel bacterial blight (BB) resistance gene(s) for rice was (were) introduced into a cultivated japonica rice variety Oryza sativa (cv. 8411), via somatic hybridization using the wild rice Oryza meyeriana as the donor of the resistance gene(s). Twenty-nine progenies of somatically hybridized plants were obtained. Seven somatically hybridized plants and(More)
Keloid disease is characterized by hyperproliferation of responsive fibroblasts with vigorously continuous synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Although the process by which keloids develop is poorly understood, most theories of the etiology are referred to fibroblast dysfunction. A central event in dermal repair is the release of growth(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a physiological process that has been recognized to occur during the progression of an increasingly large number of human diseases, including liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The activation of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling is considered a critical event during EMT, and(More)
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been well recognized for many decades as an essential early step in the progression of primary tumors towards metastases. Widespread epigenetic reprogramming of DNA and histone modifications tightly regulates gene expression and cellular activity during carcinogenesis, and epigenetic therapy has been(More)
Members of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and T-box gene families play several critical roles in the early embryonic development and tissue homeostasis. Although BMP proteins are the upstream regulators of T-box genes, few studies have investigated the molecular mechanisms between these two protein families. Here, we report that Tbx6 interacts(More)
C7-Substituted 2-hydroxyisoquinoline-1,3-diones inhibit the strand transfer of HIV integrase (IN) and the reverse-transcriptase-associated ribonuclease H (RNH). Hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase shares a similar active site fold to RNH and IN, suggesting that N-hydroxyimides could be useful inhibitor scaffolds of HCV via targeting the NS5B. Herein we(More)
The signal transduction of acetylated histone can be processed through a recognition module, bromodomain. Several inhibitors targeting BRD4, one of the bromodomain members, are in clinical trials as anticancer drugs. Hereby, we report our efforts on discovery and optimization of a new series of 2-thiazolidinones as BRD4 inhibitors along our previous study.(More)
AIM To decipher the molecular interactions between c-Met and its type I inhibitors and to facilitate the design of novel c-Met inhibitors. METHODS Based on the prototype model inhibitor 1, four ligands with subtle differences in the fused aromatic rings were synthesized. Quantum chemistry was employed to calculate the binding free energy for each ligand.(More)
c-Met has emerged as an attractive target for targeted cancer therapy because of its abnormal activation in many cancer cells. To identify high potent and selective c-Met inhibitors, we started with profiling the potency and in vitro metabolic stability of a reported hit 7. By rational design, a novel sulfonylpyrazolo[4,3-b]pyridine 9 with improved DMPK(More)