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The draft genome of the pear (Pyrus bretschneideri) using a combination of BAC-by-BAC and next-generation sequencing is reported. A 512.0-Mb sequence corresponding to 97.1% of the estimated genome size of this highly heterozygous species is assembled with 194× coverage. High-density genetic maps comprising 2005 SNP markers anchored 75.5% of the sequence to(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the associations between near work, outdoor activity, and myopia among children attending secondary school in rural China. METHODS Among a random cluster sample of 1892 children in Xichang, China, subjects with an uncorrected acuity of 6/12 or less in either eye (n = 984) and a 25% sample of children with normal vision (n = 248)(More)
We present evidence that chordate protamines have evolved from histone H1. During the final stages of spermatogenesis, the compaction of DNA in many organisms is accomplished by the replacement of histones with a class of arginine-rich proteins called protamines. In other organisms, however, condensation of sperm DNA can occur with comparable efficiency in(More)
To compare the subjective and objective cure rates, postoperative pain, postoperative complications, and postoperative quality of life of adjustable single-incision sling (Ajust®) versus tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O™) in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Female patients with SUI (N = 368) were randomized to receive(More)
AChR-reactive B cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG) by producing autoantibodies. Selective elimination of AChR-reactive B cells will be a promising way to treat MG. Thus, we generated a fusion protein (referred to as AChR-Fc) composed of the human extracellular domain of AChR α1 subunit and the Fc domain of the human IgG1(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate visual acuity, visual function, and prevalence of refractive error among Chinese secondary-school children in a cross-sectional school-based study. METHODS Uncorrected, presenting, and best corrected visual acuity, cycloplegic autorefraction with refinement, and self-reported visual function were assessed in a random, cluster sample of(More)
An updated comparative analysis of protamines and their corresponding genes is presented, including representative organisms from each of the vertebrate classes and one invertebrate (squid, Loligo opalescens). Special emphasis is placed on the implications for sperm chromatin organization and the evolutionary significance. The review is based on some of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study spectacle wear among rural Chinese children. METHODS Visual acuity, refraction, spectacle wear, and visual function were measured. RESULTS Among 1892 subjects (84.7% of the sample), the mean (SD) age was 14.7 (0.8) years. Among 948 children (50.1%) potentially benefiting from spectacle wear, 368 (38.8%) did not own them. Among 580(More)
PURPOSE To examine whether ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) has a chemotactic effect on macrophages and whether macrophages are involved in CNTF-induced retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival and axonal regeneration after optic nerve (ON) injury. METHODS Adult Fischer 344 rats received an autologous peripheral nerve graft onto transected ON for injured(More)