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With the aim of bridging the gap between DNA mixture analysis and DNA database search, a novel approach is proposed to evaluate the forensic evidence of DNA mixtures when the suspect is identified by the search of a database of DNA profiles. General formulae are developed for the calculation of the likelihood ratio for a two-person mixture under general(More)
For a diallelic genetic marker locus, tests like the parental-asymmetry test (PAT) are simple and powerful for detecting parent-of-origin effects. However, these approaches are applicable only to qualitative traits and thus are currently not suitable for quantitative traits. In this paper, the authors propose a novel class of PAT-type parent-of-origin(More)
Recently interest has been increasing in genetic association studies using several closely linked loci. The HAP-TDT method, which uses case-parents trios is powerful for such a task. However, it is not uncommon in practice that one parent is missing for some reason, such as late onset. The case-parents trios are thus reduced to case-parent pairs. Discarding(More)
This paper considers the statistical evaluation of DNA mixtures in the following situations: (1) two unknown contributors are related respectively to two typed persons, (2) two of the unknown or untyped contributors are related and the third unknown contributor is related to a typed person, or (3) there are two pairs of related unknown contributors to the(More)
Parent-of-origin effects are important in studying genetic traits. More than 1% of all mammalian genes are believed to show parent-of-origin effects. Some statistical methods may be ineffective or fail to detect linkage or association for a gene with parent-of-origin effects. Based on case-parents trios, the parental-asymmetry test (PAT) is simple and(More)
The transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) based on case-parents trios is a powerful tool in linkage analysis and association studies. When only one parent is available, the 1-TDT is applicable in the absence of imprinting. In the presence of imprinting, a statistic is proposed, based on case-mother pairs and case-father pairs to test for linkage when(More)
The assessment of DNA mixtures with the presence of relatives is discussed in this paper. The kinship coefficients are incorporated into the evaluation of the likelihood ratio and we first derive a unified expression of joint genotypic probabilities. A general formula and seven types of detailed expressions for calculating likelihood ratios are then(More)
Genomic imprinting is an important epigenetic phenomenon in studying complex traits and has generally been examined by detecting parent-of-origin effects of alleles. The parental-asymmetry test (PAT) based on nuclear families with both parents and its extensions to deal with missing parental genotypes is simple and powerful for such a task. However, these(More)
The recombination rates in meioses of females and males are often different. Some genes that affect development and behavior in mammals are known to be imprinted, and >1% of all mammalian genes are believed to be imprinted. When the gene is imprinted and the recombination fractions are sex specific, the conventional transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) is(More)