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For a diallelic genetic marker locus, tests like the parental-asymmetry test (PAT) are simple and powerful for detecting parent-of-origin effects. However, these approaches are applicable only to qualitative traits and thus are currently not suitable for quantitative traits. In this paper, the authors propose a novel class of PAT-type parent-of-origin(More)
Recently interest has been increasing in genetic association studies using several closely linked loci. The HAP-TDT method, which uses case-parents trios is powerful for such a task. However, it is not uncommon in practice that one parent is missing for some reason, such as late onset. The case-parents trios are thus reduced to case-parent pairs. Discarding(More)
The assessment of DNA mixtures with the presence of relatives is discussed in this paper. The kinship coefficients are incorporated into the evaluation of the likelihood ratio and we first derive a unified expression of joint genotypic probabilities. A general formula and seven types of detailed expressions for calculating likelihood ratios are then(More)
The effect of a structured population on the evaluation of forensic mixed stains has been considered by the authors and others. However, in countries with multiple racial or ethnic groups, it is not uncommon that contributors to a DNA mixture are of different ethnic groups. A famous example is the OJ Simpson case in which the suspect was an(More)
This paper considers the statistical evaluation of DNA mixtures in the following situations: (1) two unknown contributors are related respectively to two typed persons, (2) two of the unknown or untyped contributors are related and the third unknown contributor is related to a typed person, or (3) there are two pairs of related unknown contributors to the(More)
Parent-of-origin effects are important in studying genetic traits. More than 1% of all mammalian genes are believed to show parent-of-origin effects. Some statistical methods may be ineffective or fail to detect linkage or association for a gene with parent-of-origin effects. Based on case-parents trios, the parental-asymmetry test (PAT) is simple and(More)
Genomic imprinting is an important epigenetic phenomenon in studying complex traits and has generally been examined by detecting parent-of-origin effects of alleles. The parental-asymmetry test (PAT) based on nuclear families with both parents and its extensions to deal with missing parental genotypes is simple and powerful for such a task. However, these(More)
With the aim of bridging the gap between DNA mixture analysis and DNA database search, a novel approach is proposed to evaluate the forensic evidence of DNA mixtures when the suspect is identified by the search of a database of DNA profiles. General formulae are developed for the calculation of the likelihood ratio for a two-person mixture under general(More)
In countries with multiple racial or ethnic groups, it is not uncommon that contributors to a mixed stain or a DNA mixture belong to different ethnic origins. This paper derives a general formula for evaluating the likelihood ratio in such situations based on the commonly adopted Recommendation 4.1 of the U.S. Second National Research Council Report on the(More)