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Most cashmere goats are found in northern China and Mongolia. They are regarded as precious resources for their production of high quality natural fibre for the textile industry. It was the first time that the genetic diversity and population structure of nine Chinese cashmere populations has been assessed using 14 ISAG/FAO microsatellite markers. In(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to investigate and compare the toxic effects of four types of metal oxide (ZnO, TiO(2), SiO(2,) and Al(2)O(3)) nanoparticles with similar primary size (∼20 nm) on human fetal lung fibroblasts (HFL1) in vitro. METHODS The HFL1 cells were exposed to the nanoparticles, and toxic effects were analyzed by using MTT assay, cellular(More)
A bioactive sodium titanate/titania graded film was formed in situ on NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) by oxidizing in H(2)O(2) solution and subsequent NaOH treatment and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The bioactivity of(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown an association between exposure to indoor air pollution from Chinese-style cooking and risk of lung cancer among Chinese females. Several toxic substances have been identified in cooking oil fumes (COF) collected from heated rapeseed oil. In this study, we examined the biological effects of COF on CL3 human lung epithelial(More)
A colorimetric method for detection of DNA damage was developed by using hemin-graphene nanosheets (H-GNs). H-GNs were skillfully synthesized by adsorping of hemin on graphene through π-π interactions. The as-prepared H-GNs possessed both the ability of graphene to differentiate the damage DNA from intact DNA and the catalytic action of hemin. The damaged(More)
OBJECTIVE To isolate and characterize indigenous algicidal bacteria and their algae-lysing compounds active against Microcystis aeruginosa, strains TH1, TH2, and FACHB 905. METHODS The bacteria were identified using the Biolog automated microbial identification system and 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The algae-lysing compounds were isolated and purified by(More)
Genetic variations in metabolic activation or detoxification enzymes have been thought to contribute to individual differences in lung cancer susceptibility. Genetic polymorphisms of NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) and microsomal epoxide hydrolase (HYL1) have been associated with increased lung cancer risk in Asian(More)
Fenton's oxidation is traditionally used to remove inorganic and organic pollutants from water in waster water treatment. It is an advanced oxidation process in which H2O2 is catalytically decomposed by ferrous irons into hydroxyl radicals (*OH) which have a higher oxidation potential (2.8V) than H2O2. In the work reported here, we for the first time use(More)
A dense titania film is fabricated in situ on NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) by anodic oxidation in a Na(2)SO(4) electrolyte. The microstructure of the titania film and its influence on the biocompatibility of NiTi SMA are investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(More)
The utility of an increase in the level of interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) as an indicator of cytotoxicity from exposure to bis-(2-chloroethyl) sulfide (BCES) was evaluated in submerged monolayer cultures of human cutaneous keratinocytes. Four-day-old cultures were exposed to 1-100 microM BCES at 37 degrees for 30 min. The amounts of IL-1 alpha in the(More)