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We found that PPM1D, encoding a serine/threonine protein phosphatase, lies within an epicenter of the region at 17q23 that is amplified in breast cancer. We show that overexpression of this gene confers two oncogenic phenotypes on cells in culture: attenuation of apoptosis induced by serum starvation and transformation of primary cells in cooperation with(More)
Although the vital role of the androgen receptor (AR) has been well demonstrated in primary prostate cancers, its role in the androgen-insensitive prostate cancers still remains unclear. Here, we used a small hairpin RNA approach to directly assess AR activity in prostate cancer cells. Reduction of AR expression in the two androgen-sensitive prostate cancer(More)
Molecular hyperdiversity has been documented in viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Such organisms undermine the assumptions of the infinite-sites mutational model, because multiple mutational events at a site comprise a non-negligible portion of polymorphisms. Moreover, different sampling schemes of individuals from species with subdivided populations can(More)
We used cDNA-based genomic microarrays to examine DNA copy number changes in a panel of prostate tumors and found a previously undescribed amplicon on chromosome 17 containing a novel overexpressed gene that we termed prostate cancer gene 17 (PRC17). When overexpressed in 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells, PRC17 induced growth in low serum, loss of contact(More)
Representational difference analysis (RDA) of human breast cancer was used to discover a novel amplicon located at chromosomal region 8q24.3. We examined a series of breast cancer samples harboring amplification of this region and determined that KCNK9 is the sole overexpressed gene within the amplification epicenter. KCNK9 encodes a potassium channel that(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogenesis and treatment of inflammatory gut barrier failure is an important problem in critical care. In this study, we examined the role of pioglitazone, an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, in gut barrier failure during experimental peritonitis in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male rats were randomly divided into(More)
A series of novel 6-aminofuro[3,2-c]pyridines as kinase inhibitors is described, most notably, OSI-296 (6). We discuss our exploration of structure-activity relationships and optimization leading to OSI-296 and disclose its pharmacological activity against cMET and RON in cellular assays. OSI-296 is a potent and selective inhibitor of cMET and RON kinases(More)
Vaccinia virus (VV) has been effectively utilized as a live vaccine against smallpox as well as a vector for vaccine development and immunotherapy. Increasingly there is a need for a new generation of highly attenuated and efficacious VV vaccines, especially in light of the AIDS pandemic and the threat of global bioterrorism. We therefore developed(More)
In a continuing effort to develop safe and efficacious vaccine and immunotherapeutic vectors, we constructed recombinant vaccinia virus (rVV) vaccines lacking either the B13R (SPI-2) or the B22R (SPI-1) immune-modulating gene and coexpressing IFN-gamma. B13R and B22R are nonessential VV immune-modulating genes that have antiapoptotic and antiinflammatory(More)