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BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) play important roles in modulating the activities of T lymphocytes, dendritic cells and natural killer cells. These immunoregulatory properties of MSC suggest their therapeutic potential in autoimmune diseases. However, the effects of MSC on B cells are still poorly understood. The present study was designed to(More)
The majority of smokers relapse during the acute withdrawal phase when withdrawal symptoms are most severe. The goal of the present studies was to investigate the role of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and noradrenergic transmission in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) in the dysphoria associated with smoking cessation. It was investigated if(More)
Nicotine addiction is a chronic brain disorder that is characterized by dysphoria upon smoking cessation and relapse after brief periods of abstinence. It has been hypothesized that the negative mood state associated with nicotine withdrawal is partly mediated by a heightened activity of brain stress systems. Animal studies suggest that blockade of(More)
Tobacco addiction is characterized by a lack of control over smoking and relapse after periods of abstinence. Smoking cessation leads to a dysphoric state that contributes to relapse to smoking. After the acute withdrawal phase, exposure to stressors increases the risk for relapse. Blockade of melanocortin 4 (MC4 ) receptors has anxiolytic and(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reside in almost all of the body tissues, where they undergo self-renewal and multi-lineage differentiation. MSCs derived from different tissues share many similarities but also show some differences in term of biological properties. We aim to search for significant differences among various sources of MSCs and to explore their(More)
Tobacco addiction is characterized by a negative mood state upon smoking cessation and relapse after periods of abstinence. Clinical studies indicate that negative mood states lead to craving and relapse. The partial α4/α6/β2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists varenicline and cytisine are widely used as smoking cessation treatments.(More)
An efficient kinetic resolution of axially chiral 5- or 8-substituted quinoline derivatives was developed through asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of heteroaromatic moiety, simultaneously obtaining two kinds of axially chiral skeletons with up to 209 of selectivity factor. This represents the first successful application of asymmetric transfer(More)
Two recombinant fowlpox viruses (rFPV-P1 and rFPV-IL18-2AP12A) containing foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) capsid polypeptide, 3C coding regions of O/NY00 were evaluated to determine their abilities to induce humoral and cellular responses in the presence or absence of swine IL-18 as genetic adjuvant. The ability to protect swine against homologous virus(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) possess immunosuppressive activities but the mechanisms of such activities are not fully understood. Here, we investigated the role of IL-6, one of the characteristic factors of MSCs, in the immunoregulating effect of hUC-MSCs on CD4(+) T lymphocytes. METHODS The condition media from(More)
The assessment of binding affinity between ligands and the target proteins plays an essential role in drug discovery and design process. As an alternative to widely used scoring approaches, machine learning methods have also been proposed for fast prediction of the binding affinity with promising results, but most of them were developed as all-purpose(More)