Yue-Hua Yang

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Estradiol could protect osteoblast against apoptosis, and apoptosis and autophagy were extensively and intimately connected. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that autophagy was present in osteoblasts under serum deprivation and estrogen protected against osteoblast apoptosis via promotion of autophagy. MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells were(More)
Age-related bone loss is a major cause of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures in the elderly. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of age-related bone loss is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to clarify whether autophagy in osteocytes was involved in age-related bone loss. Male Sprague–Dawley (SD) rats in 3, 9, and 24 month old(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis and treatment decisions of cervical instability are made, in part, based on the clinician's assessment of sagittal rotation on flexion and extension radiographs. The objective of this study is to evaluate the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of three measurement techniques in assessing cervical sagittal rotation. METHODS(More)
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