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The SOS3 (for SALT OVERLY SENSITIVE3) calcium binding protein and SOS2 protein kinase are required for sodium and potassium ion homeostasis and salt tolerance in Arabidopsis. We have shown previously that SOS3 interacts with and activates the SOS2 protein kinase. We report here the identification of a SOS3 binding motif in SOS2 that also serves as the(More)
The few antibodies that can potently neutralize human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) recognize the limited number of envelope glycoprotein epitopes exposed on infectious virions. These native envelope glycoprotein complexes comprise three gp120 subunits noncovalently and weakly associated with three gp41 moieties. The individual subunits induce(More)
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates plant growth and development as well as stress tolerance. The Arabidopsis sad1 (supersensitive to ABA and drought) mutation increases plant sensitivity to drought stress and ABA in seed germination, root growth, and the expression of some stress-responsive genes. sad1 plants are also defective in the positive(More)
Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) metabolizes ∼50% of all clinically used drugs. Although CYP3A4 expression varies widely between individuals, the contribution of genetic factors remains uncertain. In this study, we measured allelic CYP3A4 heteronuclear RNA (hnRNA) and mRNA expression in 76 human liver samples heterozygous for at least one of eight marker SNPs(More)
Cocaine and amphetamine can induce both short-term and long-term behavioral changes in rodents. The major target for these psychostimulants is thought to be the brain dopamine system. To determine whether the dopamine D1 receptor plays a crucial role in the behavioral effects of psychostimulants, we tested both the locomotor and stereotyped behaviors in D1(More)
Analysis of the sequences of all eight RNA segments of the influenza A/G oose/Guangdong/1/96 (H5N1) virus, isolated from a sick goose during an outbreak in Guangdong province, China, in 1996, revealed that the hemagglutinin (HA) gene of the virus was genetically similar to those of the H5N1 viruses isolated in Hong Kong in 1997. However, the remaining genes(More)
BACKGROUND Blood vessel growth is necessary for normal tissue homeostatis and contributes to solid tumor growth. Methods to quantitate neovascularization should be useful in testing biological factors and drugs that regulate angiogenesis or to induce a vascular supply to promote wound healing. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN An extract of basement membrane proteins(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand whether the avian influenza A(H9N2) virus can infect men or not. METHODS Seroepidemiological surveys for avian (H9N2) virus in human, chickens and pigs were conducted. The specimens for viral isolation were taken from throat of patients with influenza like disease, as well as from chickens, then the specimens were inoculated into(More)
Vital cell labeling techniques were used to trace the fate of the medial edge epithelial (MEE) cells during palatal fusion in vivo. Mouse palatal tissues were labeled in utero with DiI. The fetuses continued to develop in utero and tissues of the secondary palate were examined at several later stages of palatal ontogeny. The presence and distribution of DiI(More)