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1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) can modulate immune responses, but whether it directly affects B cell function is unknown. Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, especially those with antinuclear Abs and increased disease activity, had decreased 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) levels, suggesting that vitamin D might play a role in regulating autoantibody(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been shown to have powerful antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties that can regulate multiple cardiovascular functions. However, its precise role in diabetes-accelerated atherosclerosis remains unclear. We report here that H2S reduced aortic atherosclerotic plaque formation with reduction in superoxide (O2 (-)) generation(More)
BACKGROUND Our study explored whether the microRNA-126 (miR-126)-mediated PTEN/PI3K/AKT (phosphatase and tensin homology deleted on chromosome 10/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulatory subunit-β/AKT) signaling pathway by targeting PIK3R2 affects the proliferation, migration, and invasion of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Overall, the proportion of deaths due to cardiovascular disease (CVD) reached 40-50% in dialysis patients. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) reflects arterial stiffness and may provide an integrated index of vascular status and CVD risk. Individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are well-established cardiovascular risk factors. Thus we(More)
OBJECTIVE In dialysis patients, volume overhydration is common and is related to increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, it remains unclear whether volume overload imposes those detrimental effects through endothelial dysfunction. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, 81 stable patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) accounts for most patients with inadequate blood pressure (BP) control. However, it remains unclear whether the prevalence of ISH would increase with the advancement of CKD. METHODS CKD patients of stages 3, 4 and 5 were recruited (n =(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Volume overload is believed to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of hypertension in dialysis patients. Although the extracellular water (ECW) content in hypertensive dialysis patients was significantly higher than in normotensive dialysis patients on the whole, there was considerable overlap in ECW between the two groups. Little is(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition is a predictor of cardiovascular disease in dialysis patients, but the mechanisms remain unknown. We investigated links between nutritional markers and arterial stiffness in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. METHODS We evaluated the relationship between arterial stiffness evaluated by pulse-wave velocity (PWV) and(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, we focused on whether volume overload plays a role in the development of arterial stiffness. METHODS Seventy-three prevalent hemodialysis patients were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Arterial stiffness was assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), and volume overload was assessed by bioimpedance analysis. (More)
BACKGROUND While a high blood pressure (BP) in patients receiving maintenance ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is associated with congestive heart failure and an increased mortality, the relevance of diurnal variations in BP is unknown. METHODS In a prospective study, we enrolled 76 prevalent patients receiving stable CAPD (age 60.4 +/- 13.8 years;(More)