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Gemcitabine is currently the best known chemotherapeutic option available for pancreatic cancer, but the tumor returns de novo with acquired resistance over time, which becomes a major issue for all gemcitabine-related chemotherapies. In this study, for the first time, we demonstrated that dihydroartemisinin (DHA) enhances gemcitabine-induced growth(More)
Transcriptional activation of the human CYP1A1 gene (coding for cytochrome P450 1A1) is mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. In the present study we have examined interaction of the ginsenoside Rg1 and Rb1 with the carcinogen activation pathway mediated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in HepG2 cells. RT-PCR was used to determine the CYP1A1 mRNA(More)
In a recent publication, we have shown that dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a derivative of antimalaria drug artemisinin, inhibits growth of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo mediated by its anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. As it has been shown that the apoptosis might be induced due to cell cycle arrest, and that transcriptional factor(More)
In order to study effects of ginseng on the metabolism of drug belong to CYP3A4 substrate, screening of pregnane X receptor activation from ginsenosides was performed by reporter assay. Based on PXR-CYP3A stable translation cell lines, 13 ginsenosides were screened for pregnane X receptor activation by reporter assays, and RIF as the positive control. The(More)
Phosphorylation of histone protein H2AX on serine 139 (gamma-H2AX) occurs at sites flanking DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs) and can provide a measure of the number of DSBs within a cell. We describe a flow cytometry-based method optimized to measure gamma-H2AX in nonfixed mononuclear blood cells as well as in cultured cells, which is more sensitive and(More)
Aconitine, a major Aconitum alkaloid, is well known for its high toxicity that induces severe arrhythmias leading to death. The current study investigated the metabolism of aconitine and the effects of selective cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibitors on the metabolism of aconitine in rat liver microsomes. The metabolites were separated and assayed by liquid(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism for ferulic acid (FA)-induced radioprotection by evaluating the recovery of bone marrow cells and peripheral blood hematology. MATERIALS AND METHODS Balb/c mice were irradiated at a dose of 2.5 Gy using cobalt-60 gamma resources. Following irradiation, FA was administered(More)
Paeoniflorin (PF) is one of the major active ingredients of Paeonia lactiflora and has been suggested as a dietary therapy for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH); however, the involved mechanism remains obscure. The present work investigates the anti-inflammatory effects of PF and explores the possible mechanisms in a rat model of NASH. Male(More)
Liver toxicity is a severe problem associated with Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Fructus Meliae Toosendan (FMT) is a known hepatotoxic TCM, however, the toxicological mechanisms of liver injury caused by FMT treatment still remain largely unknown. In this study, we aimed to reveal possible mechanisms of FMT water extract-induced liver injury using a(More)
The rapidly evolving nanotechnology field highlights the need of better understanding the relationship between nanoparticle (NP) properties and NP transport in solid tumors. The present study tested the hypothesis that the diffusive transport and spatial distribution of NP can be predicted based on the following parameters: interstitial NP diffusivity,(More)