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OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of antenatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients or iron and folic acid compared with folic acid alone on birth weight, duration of gestation, and maternal haemoglobin concentration in the third trimester. DESIGN Cluster randomised double blind controlled trial. SETTING Two rural counties in north west China. (More)
AIM To study the clinical effects of a disposable circumcision device in treatment of male patients of different ages with either phimosis or excess foreskin. METHODS One thousand two hundred patients between the age of 5 and 95 years underwent circumcision using this procedure in the 2-year period between October 2005 and September 2007. Of these cases,(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Clinically, it is difficult to differentiate the early stage of malignant melanoma and certain benign skin lesions due to similarity in appearance. Our research uses image analysis of clinical skin images and relative color-based pattern recognition techniques to enhance the images and improve differentiation of these lesions. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Validity of self-reported height and weight has not been adequately evaluated in diverse adolescent populations. In fact there are no reported validity studies conducted in Asian children and adolescents. This study aims to examine the accuracy of self-reported weight, height, and resultant BMI values in Chinese adolescents, and of the(More)
Ideal MHD equations arise in many applications such as astrophysical plasmas and space physics, and they consist of a system of nonlinear hyperbolic conservation laws. The exact density ρ and pressure p should be non-negative. Numerically, such positivity property is not always satisfied by approximated solutions. One can encounter this when simulating(More)
Aberrant repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is thought to be important in the generation of gross chromosomal rearrangements (GCRs). To examine how DNA DSBs might lead to GCRs, we investigated the repair of a single DNA DSB in a structurally unstable cell line. An I-SceI recognition site was introduced into OVCAR-8 cells between a constitutive(More)
OBJECTIVE To study on the protective effects of new compound codonopsis tablets against acute mountain sickness (AMS). METHODS Forty-five male plain resident soldiers stayed at 1400 m altitude for 3 months were randomly divided into two groups, control (15 men) and treatment group (30 men). Single blind trial was used in this study. The subjects in the(More)
BACKGROUND Although commonly observed, malnutrition is poorly characterized and frequently underdiagnosed in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The ability of nutritional screening tools to predict overall survival (OS) in patients with RCC has not been adequately validated. The objective of this study was to investigate the performance of(More)
BACKGROUND Chemoresistance is one of the main obstacles to successful cancer therapy and is frequently associated with Multidrug resistance (MDR). Many different mechanisms have been suggested to explain the development of an MDR phenotype in cancer cells. One of the most studied mechanisms is the overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which is a product(More)