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Previous studies have linked nitrosamine formation during ozonation to a nitrosation process in which nitrosation is catalyzed by formaldehyde, a normal byproduct of ozonation. This mechanism cannot explain the increase in N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation with an increase of pH. This study reinvestigates the pathway of N-nitrosamine formation during(More)
To identify the key enzymes involved in anthocyanin synthesis in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), the differences in anthocyanin biosynthetic gene expressions were investigated in the samples (mix of peel and flesh) of a red-colored cultivar (‘Hongdeng’) and a bicolored cultivar (‘Caihong’) during fruit development. The expression of six anthocyanin(More)
The TiO(2)/UV/O(3) process has been employed to remove 4-chloronitrobenzene (4-CNB) and compared to UV/air, O(3), TiO(2)/O(3), TiO(2)/UV/O(2) and UV/O(3) five parallel oxidation pathways. The reaction activities of these six processes were tested in aqueous using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spin trapping technique with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline(More)
k-Hierarchical probabilistic automata (HPA) are probabilistic automata whose states are partitioned into k + 1 levels such that for any state and input symbol, at most one transition goes to a state at the same level, and others go to higher level states. We show that 1-HPA, with acceptance threshold 1/2 (in the finite and infinite word cases) can recognize(More)
Ensuring the correct behavior of cyber physical systems at run time is of critical importance for their safe deployment. Any malfunctioning of such systems should be detected in a timely manner for further actions. This paper addresses the issue of how quickly a monitor raises an alarm after the occurrence of a failure in cyber physical systems. Towards(More)
The efficiency and mechanism in degradation of 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) as taste and odor compound in drinking water were studied under the condition where gamma-alumina catalyzed ozonation. As a result, gamma-alumina can behave distinct activity in enhancing the efficiency of ozonation MIB. Tert-butyl alcohol had a remarkable restrain effect on removal(More)
Zinc hydroxide prepared in laboratory was used as catalyst in catalytic ozonation of trace p-chloronitrobenzene (pCNB) in water. The catalytic mechanism was deduced through the effect of radical inhibitor t-BuOH on the reaction. Furthermore, affecting factors of catalytic activity were investigated. Results show that zinc hydroxide has excellent property of(More)
A study was carried out taking low temperature domestic wastewater as target in laboratory, the composition of bacteria in activated sludge was analyzed and the degradation kinetics of organics was investigated. Six preponderant psychrotrophs were selected out, belonging to Zoogloea, Aeromonas, Flavobacterium, Micrococcus, Bacillus and Pseudomonaus,(More)