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Neoechinulin A is an isoprenyl indole alkaloid that exhibits scavenging, neurotrophic factor-like, and anti-apoptotic activities. However, the effectiveness of neoechinulin A in animal models of disease has not yet been explored. In the present study, we investigated the effects of neoechinulin A on memory impairment in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice(More)
We previously demonstrated that chotosan (CTS), a traditional herbal formula called Kampo medicine, improves diabetes-induced cognitive deficits. In the present study, we investigated the antidepressant-like effects of CTS in mice. The administration of CTS (1.0 g/kg, for 3 days) decreased the immobility time in the forced-swim test, and this decrease was(More)
The gubernaculum consists of the gubernacular cord connected with the vas deferens and the gubernacular bulb connected with the retroabdominal wall. The cord was first distinguished on day 15 of gestation. Its length reached the peak on day 16, followed by a reduction until day 18 to be almost constant thereafter. The bulb was first distinguished on day 16,(More)
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