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Elevated levels of beta-Amyloid (Abeta) are present in the brains of individuals with either the sporadic or familial form of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and the deposition of Abeta within the senile plaques that are a hallmark of AD is thought to be a primary cause of the cognitive dysfunction that occurs in AD. Recent evidence suggests that Abeta induces(More)
A novel calmodulin (CaM) antagonist DY-9760e, (3-[2-[4-(3-chloro-2-methylphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-5,6-dimethoxy-1-(4-imidazolylmethyl)-1H-indazole dihydrochloride 3.5 hydrate), with an apparent neuroprotective effect in vivo, potently inhibits CaM-dependent nitric oxide synthase in situ. In the present study, we determined whether DY-9760e inhibits(More)
We assessed the effect of a novel calmodulin antagonist, DY-9760e (3-[2-[4-(3-chloro-2-methylphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-5,6-dimethoxy-1-(4-imidazolylmethyl)-1H-indazole dihydrochloride 3.5 hydrate) in a spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) permanent focal cerebral ischemia. In experiment I, the left middle cerebral artery was permanently occluded in 62(More)
Excessive elevation of intracellular Ca2+ levels and, subsequently, hyperactivation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent processes might play an important role in the pathologic events following cerebral ischemia. PEP-19 is a neuronally expressed polypeptide that acts as an endogenous negative regulator of calmodulin by inhibiting the association of calmodulin with(More)
Genetic Algorithm (GA) is known as method to solve Trav-eling Salesman Problem (TSP). However, GA needs amount of time for finding approximate solution. Thus, this study proposes Genetic Algorithm with Virus Infection (GAVI). GAVI algorithm is using Virus Theory of Evolution (VTE) to be based on Genetic Algorithm (GA). GA can evolve by natural selection,(More)
In this study, we propose an optimization method by the cooperative mechanism of ant and aphid as a new Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). This algorithm is named Ant Colony Optimization with Cooperative Aphid (ACOCA). In ACOCA algorithm, the aphid searches neighborhood solutions. This solution information is treated as a honey obtained from the aphid and the(More)
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