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The principal problem arising from prostate cancer (PCa) is its propensity to metastasize to bone. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in many tumor metastases. The importance of miRNAs in bone metastasis of PCa has not been elucidated to date. We investigated whether the expression of certain miRNAs was associated with bone metastasis of PCa. We(More)
Emerging evidence demonstrates that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the critical drivers of tumor progression and metastasis. The microRNAs (miRNAs) may play a crucial role in repressing/promoting metastasis of cancer by regulating CSCs. A previous study showed that miR-143 and miR-145 play an important role in regulating bone metastasis of prostate cancer(More)
The vascular endothelium is specifically sensitive to oxidative stress, and this is one of the mechanisms that causes widespread endothelial dysfunction in most cardiovascular diseases and disorders. Protection against reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative damage via antioxidant mechanisms is essential for tissue maintenance and shows therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE With the increase of age, increased susceptibility to apoptosis and senescence may contribute to proliferative and functional impairment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The aim of this study was to investigate whether salidroside (SAL) can induce angiogenic differentiation and inhibit oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in bone(More)
Reduced tissue levels of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and functional impairment of endothelium are frequently observed in patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The vascular endothelium is specifically sensitive to oxidative stress, and this is one of the mechanisms that causes widespread endothelial dysfunction in most cardiovascular(More)
Bone marrow-derived, circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to neovascularization in various diseases, and represent a very interesting alternative cell source for enhancing vasculogenesis in regenerative medicine. In this study, we investigated the effects of Ginkgolide B (GB) on proliferation and differentiation of EPCs, and the(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether pristimerin affects the bone metastasis, stem cell characteristics and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of prostate cancer (PCa) PC-3 cells subjected to hypoxia. The PC-3 cells were cultured under hypoxia or normoxia for 48 h and were then treated with increasing concentrations of pristimerin(More)
Bone metastasis is a main cause of cancer-related mortality in patients with advanced prostate cancer. Emerging evidence suggests that the acidic extracellular microenvironment plays significant roles in the growth and metastasis of tumors. However, the effects of acidity on bone metastasis of PCa remain undefined. In the present study, PC-3 cells were(More)
Bone marrow (BM)-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a critical role in tumor vasculogenesis because they provide both instructive (release of pro-angiogenic cytokines, such as VEGF) and structural (vessel incorporation and stabilization) functions. Celastrol, derived from Trypterygium wilfordii Hook F., a traditional Chinese medicine plant,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hypoxia leads to the development of neovascularization in solid tumor by regulating VEGF expression. Aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a receptor for dioxin-like compounds, functions as a transcription factor through dimerization with hypoxia-inducible factors 1β (HIF-1β) and inhibits the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor(More)