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Streptococcus pneumoniae causes a series of devastating infections in humans. Previous studies have shown that the endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase LytB is critical for pneumococcal cell division and nasal colonization, but the biochemical mechanism of LytB action remains unknown. Here we report the 1.65 Å crystal structure of the catalytic domain (residues(More)
Electrospinning has been recognized as a simple and versatile method for fabrication of polymer nanofibers. Various polymers that include synthetic, natural, and hybrid materials have been successfully electrospun into ultrafine fibers. The inherently high surface to volume ratio of electrospun fibers can enhance cell attachment, drug loading, and mass(More)
Despite progress, combination therapy of different functional drugs to increase the efficiency of anticancer treatment still remains challenges. An amphiphilic methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-glutamic acid)-b-poly(l-lysine) triblock copolymer decorated with deoxycholate (mPEsG-b-PLG-b-PLL/DOCA) was synthesized and developed as a nanovehicle for the(More)
A Pt(IV) complex was covalently conjugated to a new biodegradable amphiphilic tri-block copolymer, MPEG-b-PCL-b-PLL, which contains pendant amino groups, to form a polymeric pro-drug of cisplatin(II), MPEG-b-PCL-b-PLL/Pt(IV). The conjugate was assembled into nano-micelles. The Pt(IV) complex, the polymer carrier and the conjugate were characterized(More)
Doxorubicin (Dox) was conjugated onto a biodegradable block copolymer methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactide-co-2,2-dihydroxymethylpropylene carbonate (mPEG-b-P(LA-co-DHP)) via a carbamate linkage and an acid-labile hydrazone linkage, respectively. Mutifunctional mixed micelles consisting of Dox-containing copolymer mPEG-b-P(LA-co-DHP/Dox) and(More)
The injectable electroactive and antioxidant hydrogels are prepared from mixing the tetraaniline functional copolymers and α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) aqueous solution. UV-vis and CV of the copolymer solution showed good electroactive properties. The antioxidant ability of the copolymer is also proved. The gelation mechanism and properties of the system are(More)
Polymer-based local drug delivery system may be suitable for the treatment of cervix cancer. A pilot study was carried out to examine the efficacy of cisplatin-loaded poly(ethylene oxide)/polylactide composite electrospun nanofibers as a local chemotherapy system against cervical cancer in mice via vaginal implantation. The nanofibers were proven to have(More)
Differences in energy metabolism between tumor cells and normal cells offer an attractive avenue of research into drug targets for tumor therapy. The use of a metabolic modulator (sodium dichloroacetate, DCA), administered in situ, to reverse the "Warburg effect" of tumor cells has been demonstrated as an effective tumor therapy. Herein, DCA and(More)
Multifunctional hybrid micelles are prepared from amphiphilic mal-PEG-b-PLA and mPEG-b-P(LA-co-DHC/RhB) block copolymers. A specific anti-transferrin receptor antibody, OX26, is linked onto the surface of the micelles. ELISA indicates that the conjugated antibody preserves its activity. OX26 conjugation can increase the uptake efficiency of micelles by(More)
Self-repair of nuclear DNA damage is the most known reason that leads to drug resistance of cancer tissue and limited therapeutic efficacy of anticancer drugs. Inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) would block DNA damage-induced defense of cancer cells to suppress DNA repair for enhanced cancer treatment. Here, we combined a PP2A inhibitor LB(More)