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Boron, an essential plant micronutrient, was effective in the form of potassium tetraborate for control of postharvest gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea on table grapes stored at room temperature or at 0 degrees C. The inhibition of fruit decay was closely correlated with boron concentrations and partially influenced by pH value of the solution. Boron(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether the choline-containing compounds (Cho) obtained from three-dimensional (1)H magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy can differentiate endometrial cancer (ECa) from benign lesions in endometria or in submucosa (BLs-ESm) and is associated with the aggressiveness of ECa. METHODS Fifty-seven patients (ECa, 38; BLs-ESm, 19)(More)
Penicillium species are fungal pathogens that infect crop plants worldwide. P. expansum differs from P. italicum and P. digitatum, all major postharvest pathogens of pome and citrus, in that the former is able to produce the mycotoxin patulin and has a broader host range. The molecular basis of host-specificity of fungal pathogens has now become the focus(More)
Patulin, a potent mycotoxin which can cause serious health concerns, is mainly produced in foods by Penicillium expansum. Environmental factors play important roles in regulating biosynthesis of mycotoxins; however, information about the effects of environmental factors on patulin production and the involved mechanisms in P. expansum is limited. Here, we(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are abundantly expressed in the brain and play an important role in disorders of the brain, including Alzheimer's diseases (AD). Growing body of evidence suggests that the TGF-β signaling pathway plays a key role in the pathogenesis of AD. However, it is unclear whether miRNAs involved in AD pathogenesis by regulating TGF-β signaling.(More)
Recently, BACE1 expression was shown to be regulated by microRNAs, small endogenous RNA molecules that regulate protein expression through sequence-specific interaction with messenger RNA. Here, we showed that microRNA-29c (miR-29c), a miRNA that is enriched in the brain and highly expressed in the APPswe/PSΔE9 mouse lowers BACE1 protein in vitro and in(More)
Botrytis cinerea causes gray mold rot on over 200 plant species worldwide, resulting in great economic loss every year. Cooperation of proteins secreted by B. cinerea plays an important role in its successful infection to host plants. The ambient pH, as one of the most important environmental parameters, can regulate expression of secreted proteins in(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a neurotropic pathogen that causes hand, foot, and mouth disease. While infection is usually self-limiting, a minority of patients infected with EV71 develop severe neurological complications. In humans, EV71 has been reported to utilize the scavenger receptor class B, member 2 (SCARB2) as a receptor for infectious cellular entry.(More)
The antifungal activity of silicon (Si) on Penicillium digitatum, and the possible action mode involved were investigated. Spore germination, germ tube elongation, and mycelial growth of P. digitatum were strongly inhibited by Si in the form of sodium silicate. Using propidium iodide (PI) stain combined with fluorescent microscopy, it was found that the(More)
PURPOSE Liver metastasis is one of the leading causes of death in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. The present study aimed to evaluate the value of eIF4E as a prognostic marker of colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) and identify the functional role of eIF4E in CRC metastasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS The expression level of eIF4E in CRC tissues was analyzed by(More)