Yuanwei Chen

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Combinatorial and structure-based medicinal chemistry strategies were used together to advance a lead compound with an activity of K(i) = 58 microM via a potency enhancement of >70 000-fold to an analogue with an activity of K(i) = 0.8 nM against influenza neuraminidase (A/Tokyo/67). Lead optimization was initiated using molecular modeling and combinatorial(More)
The intergenic IRES of Cricket Paralysis Virus (CrPV-IRES) forms a tight complex with 80S ribosomes capable of initiating the cell-free synthesis of complete proteins in the absence of initiation factors. Such synthesis raises the question of what effect the necessary IRES dissociation from the tRNA binding sites, and ultimately from all of the ribosome,(More)
Internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) are powerful model systems to understand how the translation machinery can be manipulated by structured RNAs and for exploring inherent features of ribosome function. The intergenic region (IGR) IRESs from the Dicistroviridae family of viruses are structured RNAs that bind directly to the ribosome and initiate(More)
A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms in adipogenesis may provide new insights into adipose tissue-related diseases. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as a class of epigenetic regulators of stem cell differentiation. In this study, we found that miR-540 was an essential negative regulator of adipogenic differentiation in adipose(More)
A series of bioresorbable polymers were prepared by ring-opening polymerization of L-lactide (LLA), DL-lactide (DLLA), epsilon-caprolactone (CL) and 1,3-trimethylene carbonate (TMC), using low toxic zinc lactate as catalyst. The various PLLA, PTMC, PCL homopolymers, and PLLA-TMC, PDLLA-TMC, PCL-TMC copolymers with 50/50 molar ratios were characterized by(More)
A series of 2-substituted C-aryl glucosides have been synthesized and evaluated for inhibition of hSGLT1 and hSGLT2. Introduction of an appropriate ortho substituent at the proximal phenyl ring adjacent to the glycosidic bond was found to improve SGLT2 inhibitory activity and dramatically increase selectivity for hSGLT2 over hSGLT1. Selected compounds were(More)
A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that regulate adipose tissue-derived stromal cell (ADSC) differentiation could provide new insight into some adipose-tissue-related disease. The differentiation of ADSCs into adipocytes is a complex physiological process that includes clonal expansion, growth arrest, and terminal differentiation. Here the(More)
Internalization of drugs by cancer cells is a crucial factor to impact cancer treatment effect. Curcumin, having inhibitory effect on a variety of cancers, was encapsulated into micelles of six-arm star-shape poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-poly(2-methacryloyloxyethylphosphorylcholine) (6sPCL-PMPC) in order to enhance its concentration in blood and cellular uptake.(More)
The ribosome is a major target in the bacterial cell for antibiotics. Here, we dissect the effects that the thiopeptide antibiotics thiostrepton (ThS) and micrococcin (MiC) as well as the orthosomycin antibiotic evernimicin (Evn) have on translational GTPases. We demonstrate that, like ThS, MiC is a translocation inhibitor, and that the activation by MiC of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate in vivo biocompatibility and osteogenesis as well as degradability of the porous strontium-doped calcium polyphosphate (SCPP) scaffolds as a biomaterial for bone substitute applications. The evaluation was performed on a rabbit model over a period of 16 weeks by histology combined with image analysis, X-ray(More)