Yuanlin Song

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Recent in vivo studies indicate that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may have beneficial effects in the treatment of sepsis induced by bacterial infection. Administration of MSCs in these studies improved survival and enhanced bacterial clearance. The primary objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that human MSCs possessed intrinsic antimicrobial(More)
Persistent mucosal inflammation and microbial infection are characteristics of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Mucosal microbiota dysbiosis is found in other chronic inflammatory diseases; however, the relationship between sinus microbiota composition and CRS is unknown. Using comparative microbiome profiling of a cohort of CRS patients and healthy subjects,(More)
Water channel aquaporin 5 (AQP5) is highly expressed at the apical membrane of alveolar type I epithelial cells and confers high osmotic water permeability. AQP5 is also expressed in lung cancer tissue. Previous studies showed there was an up-regulation of AQP5 expression in cancer tissue compared to surrounding normal tissue. In addition, expression of(More)
Aquaporin-8 (AQP8) is a water-transporting protein expressed in organs of the mammalian gastrointestinal tract (salivary gland, liver, pancreas, small intestine, and colon) and in the testes, heart, kidney, and airways. We studied the phenotype of AQP8-null mice, and mice lacking AQP8, together with AQP1 or AQP5. AQP8-knockout mice lacked detectable AQP8(More)
Prior studies have shown that fluid secretions from airway submucosal glands in cystic fibrosis (CF) are reduced and hyperviscous, possibly contributing to the pathogenesis of CF airway disease. Because the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein can transport both chloride and bicarbonate, we investigated whether gland fluid pH is abnormal in(More)
Sweat secretion involves the transport of salt and water into the lumen of the secretory coil of the sweat gland. By analogy to salivary and submucosal glands, where fluid secretion is aquaporin-5 (AQP5) dependent, we postulated that aquaporin water channels might facilitate sweat secretion. Immunolocalization with specific antibodies revealed strong(More)
Airway submucosal glands have been proposed as a primary site for initiating and sustaining airway disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, it has been difficult to define the role of CFTR in gland fluid secretion because of concerns in interpreting experiments on diseased CF human airways subjected to chronic infection and inflammation. Here, we test the(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of the study was to develop a panel of microRNAs (miRNAs) as highly sensitive and specific biomarkers for lung cancer early detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study contained 2 phases: first, preliminary marker selection based on previous reports on the serum of 24 early stage lung cancer patients and 24 healthy control(More)
The airway surface liquid (ASL) is the thin layer of fluid coating the luminal surface of airway epithelial cells at an air interface. Its composition and osmolality are thought to be important in normal airway physiology and in airway diseases such as asthma and cystic fibrosis. The determinants of ASL osmolality include epithelial cell solute and water(More)
RATIONALE Mesenchymal stem cells secrete paracrine factors that can regulate lung permeability and decrease inflammation, making it a potentially attractive therapy for acute lung injury. However, concerns exist whether mesenchymal stem cells' immunomodulatory properties may have detrimental effects if targeted toward infectious causes of lung injury. (More)