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AIM To construct normal values for the tests of the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) and to evaluate its usefulness in the diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) among Chinese individuals with cirrhosis. METHODS The five tests of PHES, number connection test-A (NCT-A), number connection test-B, serial dotting test, line tracing(More)
AIM To study the pharmacokinetics of leflunomide in Chinese healthy volunteers. METHODS A single (20, 40, and 60 mg) and 30-d -repeated (20 mg/d) oral doses of leflunomide were performed on 18 (12 males and 6 females) and 6 (4 males and 2 females) Chinese healthy volunteers respectively. A771726, the active metabolite of leflunomide, in serum was(More)
The mechanism of sevoflurane preconditioning-induced neuroprotection is poorly understood. This study was aimed at identifying microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in the protective effect of sevoflurane preconditioning against hypoxic injury using the miRCURYTM LNA Array. The screened differentially expressed miRNAs were further validated using qRT-PCR. Finally,(More)
AIM To investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of Wy14643 on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. METHODS Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 220-280 g were randomly divided into five experimental groups: sham group (G1, n=6): a sham operation was performed (except for liver I/R); I/R-untreated group (G2, n=6): rats underwent(More)
This study investigates the effects and possible mechanism of an agonist of PPARα, Wy14643, on primary hepatocytes subjected to H/R injury in rats. H/R induced a significant increase ALT, AST, MDA in the culture medium and ROS in the hepatocytes. These effects were reversed by pretreatment with Wy14643 in the dose-dependent manner. The activity of SOD and(More)
AIM To study the anti-hepatocarcinoma effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) encapsulated by galactosylceramide liposomes (5-Fu-GCL) in vivo and in vitro. METHODS Tumor-bearing animal model and HepA cell line were respectively adopted to evaluate the anti-tumor effects of 5-Fu-GCL in vivo and in vitro. Tumor cell growth inhibition effects of 5-Fu-GCL in vitro(More)
AIM To investigate the gastroprotective effect and mechanism of amtolmetin guacyl (AMG, MED15) in mice. METHODS Male and female Kunming strain mice, weighing 18-22 g, were utilized in the experiment. Normal or ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage models in mice were successfully established to investigate the gastroprotective effect and mechanism of(More)
Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a serious clinical problem. Minimizing the adverse effect of ischemia-reperfusion injury after liver surgery or trauma is an urgent need. It has been proved that besides the effect of regulating the lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, PPARα also undertakes the task of organ protection. In this paper, related(More)
Live ischemia–reperfusion injury is associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced apoptosis. Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) may inhibit hepatocyte apoptosis induced by oxidative stress and protect against liver injury. This study aimed to investigate the effects of PPARα activation, through a specific agonist,(More)