Yuan-yuan Kang

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We studied the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in an elderly Chinese population. The study subjects (age ≥60 years) were recruited from a suburban town of Shanghai from 2006 to 2008. We administered a standardized questionnaire to collect information on medical history, the use of medications and lifestyle. We measured blood(More)
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a measure of arterial stiffness and predicts cardiovascular events and mortality in the general population and various patient populations. In the present study, we investigated the predictive value of brachial-ankle PWV for mortality in an elderly Chinese population. Our study subjects were older (≥60 years) persons living in a(More)
Almost immediately after antihypertensive therapy was proven effective in preventing cardiovascular events, the J-curve issue emerged as a hot topic. The Hypertension Optimal Treatment (HOT) trial attempted to address this question (diastolic blood pressure <80, <85, and <90 mm Hg) but ended up with a post hoc analysis indicating a nadir of 138.5 mm Hg(More)
BACKGROUND Permeability glycoprotein is encoded by the ATP-binding cassette B1 gene (ABCB1) and is an extruder of toxic metabolites in the kidney. A functional common polymorphism (C3435T, rs1045642) in the human ABCB1 gene has been found to be associated with allograft outcome in kidney transplant patients. In this study, we investigated the association of(More)
BACKGROUND There is limited information on prevalent and incident atrial fibrillation in Chinese. We aimed to investigate the prevalence, incidence, management and risks of atrial fibrillation in an elderly Chinese population. METHODS In a population--based prospective study in elderly (≥ 60 years) Chinese, we performed cardiovascular health examinations(More)
We reviewed studies of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease (CHD) or asymptomatic coronary lesions and in patients at high coronary risk, such as in the presence of hypertension. We identified ten cross-sectional and seven prospective studies in patients with CHD or coronary lesions. These studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between adiposity measures and plasma concentration of high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin. METHODS In a Chinese sample (n = 1081), we performed measurements of anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). We defined overweight and obesity as a body mass index between 24 and 27.4 kg/m² and ≥ 27.5(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the automated oscillometric wrist blood pressure monitor AVITA BPM15S for home blood pressure monitoring according to the International Protocol revision 2010 of the European Society of Hypertension. METHOD Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were sequentially measured in 33 Chinese adults(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the Rossmax CF175 upper-arm blood pressure monitor for home blood pressure monitoring according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension revision 2010. METHOD Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were sequentially measured in 33 adult Chinese (17 women, mean age(More)
OBJECTIVE Prognosis of exaggerated morning surge (MS) of blood pressure (BP) remains controversial, possibly due to the ethnic difference in the size of MS. Compared to MS, evidence on morning hypertension (MH) is more consistent. With the use of a national BP registry database, we studied the size of MS and the prevalence and determinants of exaggerated MS(More)