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Gold nanoparticles have been conceived as a radiosensitizer in cancer radiation therapy, but one of the important questions for primary drug screening is what size of gold nanoparticles can optimally enhance radiation effects. Herein, we perform in vitro and in vivo radiosensitization studies of 4.8, 12.1, 27.3, and 46.6 nm PEG-coated gold nanoparticles. In(More)
Gold nanoparticles are promising as a kind of novel radiosensitizer in radiotherapy. If gold nanoparticles are shown to have good irradiation stability and biocompatibility, they would play an important role in radiotherapy. In this work, we investigated irradiation effects of gold nanoparticles under 2-10 kR gamma irradiation and cytotoxicity of gold(More)
A Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris) cell surface display system of Bombyx mori acetylcholinesterase (BmAChE) was constructed and its bioactivity was studied. The modified Bombyx mori acetylcholinesterase gene (bmace) was fused with the anchor protein (AGα1) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and transformed into P. pastoris strain GS115. The recombinant strain(More)
Radiotherapy is often the most straightforward first line cancer treatment for solid tumors. While it is highly effective against tumors, there is also collateral damage to healthy proximal tissues especially with high doses. The use of radiosensitizers is an effective way to boost the killing efficacy of radiotherapy against the tumor while drastically(More)
The incorporation of melamine into food products is banned but its misuse has been widely reported in both animal feeds and food. The development of a rapid screening immunoassay for monitoring of the substance is an urgent requirement. Two haptens of melamine were synthesized by introducing spacer arms of different lengths and structures on the triazine(More)
A fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) based on a polyclonal antibody was developed for the determination of melamine in milk. To obtain an antibody with improved sensitivity and specificity, 6-hydrazinyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine was coupled to bovine serum albumin and used as the immunogen for the rabbit immunization. Three fluorescein-labeled(More)
BACKGROUND Gold nanoparticle toxicity research is currently leading towards the in vivo experiment. Most toxicology data show that the surface chemistry and physical dimensions of gold nanoparticles play an important role in toxicity. Here, we present the in vivo toxicity of 5, 10, 30, and 60 nm PEG-coated gold nanoparticles in mice. METHODS Animal(More)
A simple, rapid and high-throughput fluorescent polarization immunoassay (FPIA) for simultaneous determination of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) using a broad-specificity monoclonal antibody was developed. The effects of tracer structure, tracer concentration, antibody dilution, methanol content and matrix effect on FPIA performance were studied. The(More)
Recombinant antibodies with desirable characteristics that can replace polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies are important for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of residues of clenbuterol (CBL), an illicit veterinary drug. Here, we report our work on expression and purification of a mouse-derived anti-CBL single chain Fv (scFv) antibody in Escherichia(More)
Notch signaling has been shown to be important in osteoblast differentiation. Therapeutic radiation has been shown to alter the skeletal system, yet little information is available on the changes in Notch signaling in irradiated osteoblasts. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of radiation therapy with(More)