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BACKGROUND Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) can be molded or injected to form a scaffold in situ, which intimately conforms to complex bone defects. Bioactive glass (BG) is known for its unique ability to bond to living bone and promote bone growth. However, it was not until recently that literature was available regarding CPC-BG applied as an injectable(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors are widely prescribed to regulate blood pressure. High doses of orally administered perindopril have previously been shown to improve fracture healing in a mouse femur fracture model. In this study, perindopril was administered directly to the fracture area with the goal of stimulating fracture repair. Three months(More)
To evaluate effectiveness of carboxymethylcellulose/polyethylene oxide (CMC/PEO) gel in improving clinical outcomes after the first-time lumbar discectomy. Ninety-three patients with herniated lumbar disc at L4–L5 or L5–S1 were enrolled and randomized into two groups: CMC/PEO gel treatment group and control group. All the patients underwent laminotomy and(More)
STUDY DESIGN Augmentation of pedicle screws with bioactive glass (BG) was performed in osteoporotic ovine spine in vivo. Biomechanical tests, micro-computed tomography (CT) analysis, and histologic observation were performed. OBJECTIVE To investigate the biomechanical stability of pedicle screws augmented by BG in osteoporotic sheep and observe the(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in older children has been the subject of controversy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome in patients with neglected DDH who underwent individual procedures based on using three-dimensional computed tomography. METHODS Forty-seven patients (59 hips) were(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the optimum injection volume of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) to augment a novel fenestrated pedicle screw (FPS) with diameter-tapered perforations in the osteoporotic vertebral body, and how the distribution characteristics of PMMA affect the biomechanical performance of this screw. METHODS Two types of FPSs were designed(More)
The energy-band structure and visible photoelectric properties of a p/n-Si doping superlattice structure (DSL) on 6H-SiC were simulated by Silvaco-TCAD. The,n the Si-DSL structures with 40 nm-p-Si/50 nm-n-Si multilayers were successfully prepared on 6H-SiC(0001) Si-face by chemical vapor deposition. TEM characterizations of the p/n-Si DSL confirmed the(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoporosis and hypertension are age-related chronic diseases with increased morbidity rates among postmenopausal women. Clinical epidemiological investigations have demonstrated that hypertensive patients treated with β1-selective β-blockers have a higher bone mineral density (BMD) and lower fracture risk. Nevertheless, no fundamental studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the biomechanical properties of porous bioactive bone cement (PBC) in vivo and to observe the degradation of PBC and new bone formation histologically. METHODS According to the weight percentage (W/W, %) of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) to bioglass to chitosan, 3 kinds of PBS powders were obtained: PBC I (50: 40:10), PBC II(More)
Diabetes-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction would result in compromised osteointegration of titanium implant (TI) and high rate of implant failure, yet the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Adiponectin (APN) is a fat-derived adipocytokine with strong antioxidant, mitochondrial-protective and anti-diabetic efficacies. We hypothesized(More)