Yuan Yuan Fan

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Hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by theta-burst pairing of Schaffer collateral inputs and postsynaptic firing is associated with localized increases in synaptic strength and dendritic excitability. Using the same protocol, we now demonstrate a decrease in cellular excitability that was blocked by the h-channel blocker ZD7288. This decrease(More)
PGL-1 is a constitutive protein component of C. elegans germ granules, also known as P granules. Maternally supplied PGL-1 is essential for germline development but only at elevated temperature, raising the possibility that redundant factors provide sufficient function at lower temperatures. We have identified two PGL-1-related proteins, PGL-2 and PGL-3, by(More)
Previous studies have shown that GABA can have a depolarizing and excitatory action through GABA(A) receptors in mature CNS neurons in vitro. However, it remains unknown whether this occurs under physiological conditions. In this study, using intracellular recording and staining in vivo technique, we show a late depolarizing postsynaptic potential (L-PSP)(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet 5-hydroxytryptamin (serotonin, 5-HT) has been examined for its use as a peripheral biomarker for depression or other mental disorders; however, it remains unclear whether blood 5-HT levels can reflect the brain's levels of serotonin. METHODS Platelet 5-HT levels in 45 drug-naïve, 32 citalopram-treated patients with major depression and(More)
Dendritic spines form postsynaptic components of excitatory synapses in CA1 pyramidal neurons and play a key role in excitatory signal transmission. Transient global ischemia is thought to induce excitotoxicity that triggers delayed neuronal death in the CA1 region. However, the mechanism underlying structural changes of excitatory synapses after ischemia(More)
In human and experimental animals, the hippocampal CA1 region is one of the most vulnerable areas of the brain to ischemia. Pyramidal neurons in this region die 2-3 days after transient cerebral ischemia whereas other neurons in the same region remain intact. The mechanisms underlying the selective and delayed neuronal death are unclear. We tested the(More)
Silent synapses display no excitatory post-synaptic currents (EPSCs) at resting potentials, but can conduct at depolarized potentials. In the hippocampal CA1 region of young animals, conversion of silent synapses to functional synapses occurs rapidly after pairing post-synaptic depolarization with 1Hz pre-synaptic stimulation, a protocol that also induces(More)
We have found, based on the electrophysiological properties, two subtypes of CA1 pyramidal neurons in the CA1 region of the normal hippocampus, late postsynaptic potential (L-PSP) neurons and non-L-PSP neurons. In addition, our previous study has shown that the electrophysiological properties of these two subtypes of pyramidal neurons were differentially(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to explore the pathogenesis and carcinogenesis of oral leukoplakia (LK) and oral lichen planus (OLP) by examining the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins Bcl-2 Bax in LK and OLP. METHODS The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax were measured in 10 cases of normal oral mucosa,18 cases of OLP, 23 cases of LK and 22 cases(More)
Numb chin syndrome (NCS) is a rare yet potentially ominous sensory neuropathy characterised by unilateral hypoesthesia or paraesthesia over the lower lip, chin and occasionally gingival mucosa. Recognising NCS clinically is important as this may be a subtle sign of occult malignancy progression or relapses. Current expert opinion is that patients with NCS(More)