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"Free Zn2+" (rapidly exchangeable Zn2+) is stored along with glutamate in the presynaptic terminals of specific specialized (gluzinergic) cerebrocortical neurons. This synaptically releasable Zn2+ has been recognized as a potent modulator of glutamatergic transmission and as a key toxin in excitotoxic neuronal injury. Surprisingly (despite abundant work on(More)
Effectively bridging the lesion gap is still an unmet demand for spinal cord repair. In the present study, we tested our hypothesis if cograft of Schwann cells (SCs) and neural stem cells (NSCs) with genetically enhanced expression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and its high affinity receptor TrkC, respectively, could strengthen neural repair through increased(More)
Previously we have demonstrated that a Rhodiola crenulata extract (RCE), containing a potent antioxidant salidroside, promotes neurogenesis in the hippocampus of depressive rats. The current study was designed to further investigate the protective effect of the RCE on neurogenesis in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) induced by an(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disease characterized by axonal/neuronal damage that may be caused by defective remyelination. Current therapies aim to slow the rate of degeneration, however there are no treatment options that can stop or reverse the myelin sheath damage. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a potential(More)
Implantation of marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is the most promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI), especially because of their potential for clinical application, such as the avoidance of immunologic rejection, their strong secretory properties, and their plasticity for developing into neural cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the potential tools for treatment of the spinal cord injury; however, the survival and differentiation of MSCs in an injured spinal cord still need to be improved. In the present study, we investigated whether Governor Vessel electro-acupuncture (EA) could efficiently promote bone marrow(More)
To explore therapeutic potential of engineered neural tissue, we combined genetically modified neural stem cells (NSCs) and poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymers to generate an artificial neural network in vitro. NSCs transfected with either NT-3 or its receptor TrkC gene were seeded into PLGA scaffold. The NSCs were widely distributed and(More)
Remyelination remains a challenging issue in spinal cord injury (SCI). In the present study, we cocultured Schwann cells (SCs) and neural stem cells (NSCs) with overexpression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and its high affinity receptor tyrosine kinase receptor type 3 (TrkC), respectively, in a gelatin sponge (GS) scaffold. This was aimed to generate a(More)
The present study investigates whether Schwann cells (SCs) could promote the survival and differentiation of neural stem cells in the injured spinal cord. Neural stem cells were dissociated and cloned from the hippocampal tissue of newborn rats. SCs were also dissociated and purified simultaneously from the sciatic nerves of 4-day-old rats. The results(More)
Delivery of cellular and/or trophic factors to the site of injury may promote neural repair or axonal regeneration and return of function after spinal cord injury. Engineered scaffolds provide a platform to deliver therapeutic cells and neurotrophic molecules. To explore therapeutic potential of engineered neural tissue, we generated an artificial neural(More)