Yuan-Shan Zeng

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"Free Zn2+" (rapidly exchangeable Zn2+) is stored along with glutamate in the presynaptic terminals of specific specialized (gluzinergic) cerebrocortical neurons. This synaptically releasable Zn2+ has been recognized as a potent modulator of glutamatergic transmission and as a key toxin in excitotoxic neuronal injury. Surprisingly (despite abundant work on(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) gelatin sponge (GS) scaffolds were constructed by ensheathing GS with a thin film of poly-(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). Rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were isolated, cultured, and then seeded to the scaffolds. Distribution of cells and cell growth, survival, and proliferation within the scaffolds were then(More)
Implantation of marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is the most promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI), especially because of their potential for clinical application, such as the avoidance of immunologic rejection, their strong secretory properties, and their plasticity for developing into neural cells.(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Rhodiola rosea extract and depression on the serotonin (5-HT) level, cell proliferation and quantity of neurons at cerebral hippocampus of depressive rats induced by Chronic Mild Stress (CMS). Seventy male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into seven groups (10 per group): normal control group,(More)
Effectively bridging the lesion gap is still an unmet demand for spinal cord repair. In the present study, we tested our hypothesis if cograft of Schwann cells (SCs) and neural stem cells (NSCs) with genetically enhanced expression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and its high affinity receptor TrkC, respectively, could strengthen neural repair through increased(More)
Previously we have demonstrated that a Rhodiola crenulata extract (RCE), containing a potent antioxidant salidroside, promotes neurogenesis in the hippocampus of depressive rats. The current study was designed to further investigate the protective effect of the RCE on neurogenesis in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) induced by an(More)
Remyelination remains a challenging issue in spinal cord injury (SCI). In the present study, we cocultured Schwann cells (SCs) and neural stem cells (NSCs) with overexpression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and its high affinity receptor tyrosine kinase receptor type 3 (TrkC), respectively, in a gelatin sponge (GS) scaffold. This was aimed to generate a(More)
Rapid progress in the field of nerve tissue engineering has opened up the way for new therapeutic strategies for spinal cord injury (SCI). Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be differentiated into neural lineages, which can be used as a potential cell source for nerve repair. Schwann cells (SCs) have been reported to support structural(More)
Delivery of cellular and/or trophic factors to the site of injury may promote neural repair or axonal regeneration and return of function after spinal cord injury. Engineered scaffolds provide a platform to deliver therapeutic cells and neurotrophic molecules. To explore therapeutic potential of engineered neural tissue, we generated an artificial neural(More)
Skin-derived precursors (SKPs) are derived from mesoblast and can differentiate into smooth muscle cells, adipocytes, and less neuronal phenotypes. This study demonstrates that retinoic acid (RA) improves SKPs exit from self-proliferation to neural differentiation through up-regulating of NeuroD and cell-cycle regulatory protein p21, meanwhile RA also(More)