Learn More
Translation initiation plays a critical role in cellular homeostasis, proliferation, differentiation and malignant transformation. Consistently, increasing the abundance of the eIF2-GTP-tRNA(i)(Met) translation initiation complex transforms normal cells and contributes to cancer initiation and the severity of some anemias. The chemical modifiers of the(More)
HSD-3.8 cDNA (accession number AF311312) encodes a human sperm component. A 0.7 kb fragment (HSD-0.7) containing three immunological epitopes of HSD-3.8 cDNA was prepared and expressed in E. coli. Immunization of female rats with the recombinant HSD-0.7 proteins induced infertility. A cDNA fragment encoding the C-terminal 144 amino acids of human G-protein(More)
Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) are involved in the synthesis and remodeling of bacterial peptidoglycan (PG). Staphylococcus aureus expresses four PBPs. Genetic studies in S. aureus have implicated PBP4 in the formation of highly cross-linked PG, but biochemical studies have not reached a consensus on its primary enzymatic activity. Using synthetic Lipid(More)
Translation initiation plays a critical role in the regulation of cell growth and tumorigenesis. We report here that inhibiting translation initiation through induction of eIF2α phosphorylation by small-molecular-weight compounds restricts the availability of the eIF2.GTP.Met-tRNAi ternary complex and abrogates the proliferation of cancer cells in vitro and(More)
The N-terminal BAR domain of endophilin has unique functions, such as affecting the curvature of the lipid membrane through its lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase activity, binding of ATP and GTP and participating in tubulating activity. We recently demonstrated that SH3P13, a BAR domain-containing protein, assists in regulating clathrin-coated vesicle(More)
ABSTRACTA cDNA, designated as rtSH3p13, was isolated from a rat testis cDNA library. It consists of 1463 bp nuclear acids, which encodes a protein of 312 amino acids and was assigned the GenBank accession number AF227439. The deduced rtSH3p13 protein is a truncated isoform of SH3p13 as a result of mRNA alternative splicing. It is mainly expressed in the rat(More)
The expression of stage-specific genes during spermatogenesis was determined by isolating two segments of rat seminiferous tubule at different stages of the germinal epithelium cycle delineated by transillumination-delineated microdissection, combined with differential display polymerase chain reaction to identify the differential transcripts formed. A(More)
Lysobactin, also known as katanosin B, is a potent antibiotic with in vivo efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae. It was previously shown to inhibit peptidoglycan (PG) biosynthesis, but its molecular mechanism of action has not been established. Using enzyme inhibition assays, we show that lysobactin forms 1:1 complexes with(More)
YWK-II protein is a sperm membrane component, structurally related to human placenta amyloid precursor protein homolog (APPH) and rat amyloid precursor-like protein 2 (APLP2). Its transmembrane-cytoplasmic domain has high homology (70.6%) with that of betaA4-amyloid precursor protein (APP) found in brain plaques of subjects with Alzheimer's disease. The(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive pathogen with an unusual mode of cell division in that it divides in orthogonal rather than parallel planes. Through selection using moenomycin, an antibiotic proposed to target peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases (PGTs), we have generated resistant mutants containing a single point mutation in the active site of the(More)