Yuan Pin Cheng

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Bcl-xL is a death-inhibiting member of the Bcl-2/Ced9 family of proteins which either promote or inhibit apoptosis. Gene targeting has revealed that Bcl-xL is required for neuronal survival during brain development; however, Bcl-xL knock-out mice do not survive past embryonic day 13.5, precluding an analysis of Bcl-xL function at later stages of(More)
Previous studies from our laboratories have shown that (a) Triapine() is a potent inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductase activity and (b) hydroxyurea-resistant L1210 leukemia cells are fully sensitive to Triapine. In an analogous manner, Triapine was similarly active against the wild-type and a hydroxyurea-resistant subline of the human KB nasopharyngeal(More)
The antimicrobial effect of nitric oxide (NO) is an essential part of innate immunity. The vigorous host response to the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori fails to eradicate the organism, despite up-regulation of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in the gastric mucosa. Here we report that wild-type strains of H. pylori inhibit NO production by activated(More)
Delivery of a strong electric shock to the heart remains the only effective therapy against ventricular fibrillation. Despite significant improvements in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy, the fundamental mechanisms of defibrillation remain poorly understood. We have recently demonstrated that a monophasic defibrillation shock produces a(More)
Programmed cell death (apoptosis) is a normal process in the developing nervous system. Recent data suggest that certain features seen in the process of programmed cell death may be favored in the developing versus the adult brain in response to different brain injuries. In a well characterized model of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia, we demonstrate marked but(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine prospectively the relation between psychosocial work characteristics and changes in health related quality of life over four years in a cohort of working women in the United States. DESIGN Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING United States. PARTICIPANTS 21 290 female registered nurses who completed the Karasek's job content(More)
To study the function of clock-gene-expressing neurons, the tetanus-toxin light chain (TeTxLC), which blocks chemical synaptic transmission, was expressed under the control of promoters of the clock genes period (per) and timeless (tim), each fused to GAL4-encoding sequences. Although TeTxLC did not affect cycling of a clock-gene product at the gross level,(More)
Natural compounds derived from plant sources are well characterized as possessing a wide variety of remarkable anti-tumour properties, for example modulating programmed cell death, primarily referring to apoptosis, and autophagy. Distinct from apoptosis, autophagy (an evolutionarily conserved, multi-step lysosomal degradation process in which a cell(More)
The dismal outcome of gastric cancer patients highlights the need for diagnostic biomarkers and effective therapeutic targets, such as microRNAs. We sought to discover microRNAs involved in gastric cancer, and to elucidate their downstream target mechanisms. Both cultured gastric epithelial cells (HFE145 and NCI-N87) and primary human gastric tissues (31(More)
In this study, we investigated the genetic structure and phylogeographic pattern of the genus Cunninghamia, a member of the Cupressaceae restricted to mainland China and Taiwan, based on sequences of the trnD-trnT noncoding spacer of the chloroplast DNA. Maternal inheritance of chloroplasts was determined experimentally. No paternal leakage was detected.(More)