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Utilizing scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and microhardness tests, we evaluated how various physiological environments affect the hydration behavior and physical properties of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). We found that the microstructure of hydrated MTA consists of cubic and needle-like crystals. The former comprised the principal(More)
Recent investigations indicate that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol of green tea, has anti-inflammatory properties. This study assessed the effect of EGCG on oncostatin M (OSM)-induced synthesis of cysteine-rich 61 (Cyr61), a potential osteolytic mediator, in MG-63 human osteoblastic cells. The therapeutic effect of EGCG in apical(More)
WNT10A is a signaling molecule involved in tooth development, and WNT10A defects are associated with tooth agenesis. We characterized Wnt10a null mice generated by the knockout mouse project (KOMP) and six families with WNT10A mutations, including a novel p.Arg104Cys defect, in the absence of EDA,EDAR, or EDARADD variations. Wnt10a null mice exhibited(More)
Laser ablation has been proposed as an alternative method to acid etching: however, previous studies have obtained contrasting results. The purpose of this study was to compare the bond strengths after acid etching, laser ablation, acid etching followed by laser ablation, and laser ablation followed by acid etching. Forty specimens were randomly assigned to(More)
Various glass ionomer cements (GICs) and resin-modified GICs are widely used as tooth-colored restorative materials. However, their potential effects on pulp tissues are not fully understood. In this study, the authors compared the toxicity of nine types of GICs on cultured human dental pulp cells. Exposure of pulp cells to GICs for five days led to(More)
A case of internal resorption with buccal perforation was found in a maxillary central incisor. Because of the extensive lesion and continuous exudation, surgical intervention was used. The apical third was obturated with gutta-percha, and the perforated lesion was repaired with mineral trioxide aggregate. The residual canal space was filled by(More)
Various root-end filling materials have been used to prevent the entry of root-canal pathogens into periapical regions. Five root-end filling materials were compared regarding the cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and mitochondrial dehydrogenase (MDH) activities of human periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts, with the use of a novel transwell culture system.(More)
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) are widely used cholesterol-lowering agents that also possess anti-inflammatory activities. Cysteine-rich 61 (Cyr61) and CCL2 are potential osteolytic mediators in inflammatory bone diseases. The study assessed the effect of simvastatin on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- alpha)-induced(More)
Truncation mutations in FAM83H (family with sequence similarity 83, member H) cause autosomal dominant hypocalcified amelogenesis imperfecta (ADHCAI), but little is known about FAM83H function and the pathogenesis of ADHCAI. We recruited three ADHCAI families and identified two novel (p.Gln457*; p.Lys639*) and one previously documented (p.Q452*)(More)
Partial-stabilized cement (PSC) is a kind of modified calcium silicate cement used for root-end surgery. Minor transition metal elements Co, Cr, and Zn were added for enhancing the setting property of to PSC. In our previous study, minor transition metal additions greatly improved the setting property of PSC. However, the concern of metal toxicity was(More)