Yuan H. Zhao

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Purpose. To classify the dissolution and diffusion rate-limited drugs and establish quantitative relationships between absorption and molecular descriptors. Methods. Absorption consists of kinetic transit processes in which dissolution, diffusion, or perfusion processes can become the rate-limited step. The absorption data of 238 drugs have been classified(More)
The concentrations of eight heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, Ni, Hg, and As) in the intertidal surface sediments from Quanzhou Bay were determined to evaluate their levels and spatial distribution due to urbanization and economic development of Quanzhou region, southeast China. The ranges of the measured concentrations in the sediments are as follows:(More)
ErbB2 has been shown to activate signaling molecules that may regulate glucose metabolism. However, there is no evidence reported to directly link ErbB2 to glycolysis, and the mechanism underlying ErbB2-enhanced glycolysis is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role and mechanism of ErbB2 in regulating glycolysis. We found that(More)
The human intestinal absorption of 241 drugs was evaluated. Three main methods were used to determine the human intestinal absorption: bioavailability, percentage of urinary excretion of drug-related material following oral administration, and the ratio of cumulative urinary excretion of drug-related material following oral and intravenous administration.(More)
The present study was conducted to determine growth, hepatic enzymatic activities and histology in Synechogobius hasta exposed to waterborne copper concentrations of 0 (control), 0.15 and 0.3 mg Cu/l, respectively, for 15 days, and explore whether waterborne copper exposure could induce the fatty liver syndrome for the fish species. Growth (WG and SGR)(More)
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 was found to reach 99.36% and 78.25% decolorisation for Methyl Orange and Acid Yellow 199 in solutions, respectively. The suitable pH range for decolorisation of Methyl Orange and Acid Yellow 199 by S. oneidensis MR-1 was 4.0-7.0 and 6.0-8.0, respectively, The azo dyes' removal by S. oneidensis MR-1 was slightly enhanced by(More)
The van der Waals volume is a widely used descriptor in modeling physicochemical properties. However, the calculation of the van der Waals volume (V(vdW)) is rather time-consuming, from Bondi group contributions, for a large data set. A new method for calculating van der Waals volume has been developed, based on Bondi radii. The method, termed Atomic and(More)
In cultured human epidermal keratinocytes, induction of differentiation by Ca2+ and ionophore treatment was found to result in rapid elevation of c-Src tyrosine kinase activity and inactivation of the c-Yes tyrosine kinase. Activation of c-Src kinase was accompanied by tyrosine dephosphorylation, which might be explained by a rapid increase in intracellular(More)
We report linear free energy relation (LFER) models of the equilibrium distribution of molecules between blood and brain, as log BB values. This method relates log BB values to fundamental molecular properties, such as hydrogen bonding capability, polarity/polarisability and size. Our best model of this form covers 148 compounds, the largest set of log BB(More)
The McGowan volume has been widely used for the analysis of physicochemical and biochemical properties in chemistry and drug industry. Because McGowan volumes are not available for ions, its application is limited to only neutral compounds. Pauling radii of metallic ions have been collected and studied to obtain McGowan volumes for ions. Regression analysis(More)