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Syntax-based statistical machine translation (MT) aims at applying statistical models to structured data. In this paper, we present a syntax-based statistical machine translation system based on a prob-abilistic synchronous dependency insertion grammar. Synchronous dependency insertion grammars are a version of synchronous grammars defined on dependency(More)
YouTube uploaders are the central agents in the YouTube phenomenon. We conduct extensive measurement and analysis of YouTube uploaders. We estimate YouTube scale and examine the uploading behavior of YouTube users. We demonstrate the positive reinforcement between on-line social behavior and uploading behavior. Furthermore, we examine whether YouTube users(More)
IMPORTANCE Limited information about the relationship between specific mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) and cancer risk exists. OBJECTIVE To identify mutation-specific cancer risks for carriers of BRCA1/2. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Observational study of women who were ascertained between 1937 and 2011 (median, 1999) and found to carry(More)
Mitochondria play important roles in cellular energy production, free radical generation, and apoptosis. In a previous report, the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) G10398A (Thr-->Ala) polymorphism was associated with breast cancer risk in African-American women [Cancer Res 2005;65:8028-33]. We sought to replicate the association by genotyping the G10398A(More)
OBJECTIVE Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) is a rare neurometabolic disorder caused by glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency due to GCDH gene mutations. In this study, the clinical presentation and molecular aspects of 23 Chinese patients (11 males and 12 females) were investigated. METHODS All patients were diagnosed by elevated urinary glutaric acid and(More)
BACKGROUND As cellular proliferation is central to the carcinogenic process, pathways that regulate proliferation may be important. Therefore, genes in the insulin and the insulin-like growth factor signaling pathways are plausible candidates for susceptibility genes for prostate cancer. We hypothesized that functional polymorphisms in INS, IRS1, IRS2, and(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder, with phagocytes failing to produce antimicrobial superoxide due to deficient NADPH oxidase activity. Mutations in the gene encoding CYBB are responsible for the majority of the CGD cases. To date, there have been no reports on large samples of children with CGD in China. Therefore, in this study,(More)
The development of international capital markets increases the necessity for international companies to refer to an harmonized accounting system. Common efforts undertaken by IASC and IOSCO and the new harmonization attempts within the European Union confirm this trend. Given the importance of the Anglo-American accounting standards, it seems to be(More)
The known breast cancer susceptibility polymorphisms in FGFR2, TNRC9/TOX3, MAP3K1, LSP1, and 2q35 confer increased risks of breast cancer for BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers. We evaluated the associations of 3 additional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs4973768 in SLC4A7/NEK10, rs6504950 in STXBP4/COX11, and rs10941679 at 5p12, and reanalyzed the(More)