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Tanshinone IIA, a major component extracted from the traditional herbal medicine, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, improves blood circulation and treats chronic hepatitis and hepatic fibrosis. Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the predominant event in liver fibrosis. The therapeutic goal in liver fibrosis is the reversal of fibrosis and selective(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether Eleutherococcus senticosus stems could attenuate D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide-induced fulminant hepatic failure in mice. E. senticosus, known as Siberian ginseng, is a popular folk medicine used as a tonic in Asia. Preparations of E. senticosus used in this study were as follows; (i) 70% ethanol extract(More)
The present study to evaluate the potential of constituents of the bark of Alnus japonica as a functional food with medicinal properties led to the identification of one new diarylheptanoid, named alusenone (1A), and 11 known ones (1B and 2-11). Their antioxidative and hepatoprotective activities were accessed by, respectively, a TOSC assay and a(More)
In this study, we investigated the hepatoprotective effects of four compounds from Galla Rhois [gallic acid methyl ester, gallic acid, an equilibrium mixture of 3-galloyl-gallic acid and 4-galloyl-gallic acid isomers, and 1,2,3,4,6-penta- O-galloyl- beta- D-glucose (PGG)] in primary rat hepatocytes undergoing necrosis or apoptosis. Treatment with gallic(More)
We previously reported the in vitro and in vivo hepatoprotective and anti-fibrotic effects of PF2401-SF, a standardized fraction of Salvia miltiorrhiza, against acute and subacute liver injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of PF2401-SF on liver fibrosis induced by thioacetamide (TAA), a chronic liver injury model (12 weeks) that(More)
Hepatic stellate cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we investigate the inhibitory effect of butein on the activation and proliferation of rat primary cultured hepatic stellate cells. Possible cytotoxic effects were measured on stellate cells and hepatocytes using the(More)
We previously demonstrated that curcumin, a well-known antioxidant, inhibits collagen deposition in carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in rats. The major effector cells responsibleforcollagensynthesis in the liver are activated hepatic stellate cells. In this study,we investigated the inhibitory effects of curcumin on the collagen synthesis and(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of (S)-bakuchiol isolated from the seed of Psoralea corylifolia, on liver injury. Primary rat hepatocyte intoxication was induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBH), carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or D-galactosamine (D-GalN). Liver injury was induced by either CCl4 or D-GalN in rats. In vitro, the(More)
We investigated the protective effect of butein on glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDC)-induced apoptosis in primary cultured rat hepatocytes. Treatment with GCDC at a concentration of 100 microM for 4 h induced apoptosis, and treatment with butein at concentrations of 30 microM inhibited the GCDC-induced apoptosis as shown by the reduced cleavage of(More)
Bile acid-induced hepatocyte apoptosis plays an important role in cholestatic liver disease, and the role of apoptosis may be of therapeutic interest in preventing liver disease. The dried root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Labiatae) has been used traditionally to treat liver diseases. We investigated the antiapoptotic effects of a standardized fraction of(More)