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Mitochondrial dysfunction is observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, and the amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide is known to induce mitochondrial dysfunction. The relative degree of mitochondrial dysfunction in different regions of the brain in AD is not completely understood. Moreover, the relationship between levels of synaptic mitochondrial Abeta and(More)
There is convincing evidence that cytokines are involved in the inflammatory response following cerebral ischemia, but the interactions among the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 in the early stage of ischemic reperfusion are not yet completely understood. In this study, we examined the early mRNA(More)
OBJECTIVE To uncover the role of c-Jun, a proto-oncogene, in inhibitory effects of antiproliferative factor (APF) on tumor cell growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS Expression of c-Jun was analyzed by Western blotting in 45 clinical specimens (30 tumorous tissues and 15 paired non-tumorous tissues) and 3 bladder cancer cell lines. APF-responsive T24 transitional(More)
Spontaneous regression of neuroblastoma (NB) resembles the developmentally regulated programmed cell death (PCD) of sympathetic neurons. Regressing tumor cells express high levels of the nerve growth factor (NGF) receptors TRKA and p75NTR and are dependent on NGF for survival; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains elusive. Here, we show that(More)
Neuroblastoma shows complex patterns of genetic aberrations including MYCN amplification, deletion of chromosome 1p or 11q, and gain of chromosome 17q. The 17q gain is frequently observed in high-risk neuroblastomas, however, the candidate genes still remain elusive. In the present study, we integrated the data of comparative genomic hybridization of 236(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the functional significance of ncRAN, a newly identified long noncoding RNA, expression in bladder cancer growth, invasion, and survival. METHODS Expression of ncRAN isoforms was analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in 40 clinical specimens and four bladder cancer cell lines, respectively. The expression of ncRAN(More)
Prevalence of HIV-associated cognitive impairment is rising. Amyloid-beta (A-beta) plaque deposition in the brain may be a contributing factor as epidemiological data suggests significant numbers of long-term HIV survivors are at elevated risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). HIV-1 Tat-induced A-beta deposition, tau phosphorylation, and subsequent(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of protein kinase C-alpha (PKCalpha) in the recurrence of superficial bladder carcinoma. METHODS Expression of PKCalpha was measured by Western blot analysis in 56 samples. A human RT-4 bladder cancer cell line stably expressing green fluorescent protein-PKCalpha (RT-4/PKCalpha) was established. The sensitivity of the(More)
Persistent activation of NF-κB signaling is closely related to chronic inflammation and tumorigenesis. Commonly, NF-κB signaling is tightly controlled by multiple feedback loops and regulators, such as the deubiquitinases (DUBs). However, in cancer cells, NF-κB may override these feedbacks through special pathways and lead to the sustained activation. In(More)
Modulation of immune/inflammatory responses by diverse strategies including amyloid-beta (Abeta) immunization, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and manipulation of microglial activation states has been shown to reduce Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like pathology and cognitive deficits in AD transgenic mouse models. Human umbilical cord blood cells (HUCBCs)(More)