Yu-ya Mitsuki

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Dendritic cells (DCs) are essential antigen-presenting cells for the induction of T cell immunity against HIV. On the other hand, due to the susceptibility of DCs to HIV infection, virus replication is strongly enhanced in DC-T cell interaction via an immunological synapse formed during the antigen presentation process. When HIV-1 is isolated from(More)
Flow cytometric analysis is a reliable and convenient method for investigating molecules at the single cell level. Previously, recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains were constructed that express a fluorescent reporter, either enhanced green fluorescent protein, or DsRed, which allow the monitoring of HIV-1-infected cells by flow(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether HIV-1-specific CD4 T cells with proliferative capacity are eliminated or functionally defective because of HIV-1 reactivation. DESIGN The loss of proliferative capacity by HIV-1-specific CD4 T cells compromises the host's ability to maintain protective immunity against HIV-1 and is a hallmark of disease progression. We used(More)
The H5N1 subtype of the highly pathogenic (HP) avian influenza virus has been recognized for its ability to cause serious pandemics among humans. In the present study, new monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against viral proteins were established for the immunological detection of H5N1 influenza virus for research and diagnostic purposes. B-cell hybridomas(More)
In response to SARS-CoV infection, neutralizing antibodies are generated against the Spike (S) protein. Determination of the active regions that allow viral escape from neutralization would enable the use of these antibodies for future passive immunotherapy. We immunized mice with UV-inactivated SARS-CoV to generate three anti-S monoclonal antibodies, and(More)
The demand for rapid and simple development of a vaccine against a newly emerging infectious disease is increasing worldwide. We previously revealed that UV-inactivated severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) virions (UV-V) elicited high levels of humoral immunity and a weak Th0 response in mice immunized subcutaneously.(More)
Humanized mice reconstituted with human hematopoietic cells have been developed as an experimental animal model for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. Myeloablative irradiation is usually performed to augment the engraftment of donor hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in recipient mice; however, some mouse strains are susceptible to(More)
HIV infection leads to CD4 helper T cell (Th) loss, but not all Th cells are equally depleted. The contribution of other immune cells in the Th depletion also remains unclear. This study investigates HIV transmission from monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) vs. monocytes to Th17 and Th1 cells using an allogeneic coculture model. The addition of HIV to(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that possess a unique capacity to cross-present exogenous antigens efficiently to CD8(+) T cells. We previously demonstrated that monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs) pulsed with yeast-derived HIV-1 Gag virus-like particles (VLPs) were able to activate Gag-specific CD8(+) T cells from HIV-1-infected(More)
HIV is transmitted most efficiently from cell to cell, and productive infection occurs mainly in activated CD4 T cells. It is postulated that HIV exploits immunological synapses formed between CD4 T cells and antigen-presenting cells to facilitate the targeting and infection of activated CD4 T cells. This study sought to evaluate how the presence of the HIV(More)