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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Indoxyl sulfate, a protein-bound uremic toxin, may be associated with cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with CKD. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between indoxyl sulfate and heart failure in patients on hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Patients on hemodialysis for >6(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the clinical diagnostic value of 18F-FDG imaging by coincidence circuit SPECT with low-dose CT in differential diagnosis of pulmonary lesions and mediastinal lymph node involvement, which can not be definitely diagnosed based on regular CT image in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS By using GE-Millennium VG with(More)
Optical transmission spectra of VO2 films on glass, fused silica, and sapphire were recorded and analyzed during heating process. Thermally induced phase transition of VO2 films occurred at a certain temperature, associated with abrupt changes in optical properties. The transition temperature and the contrast of the optical properties depended on the(More)
We propose two new kinds of tests for equivalence principle and special relativity by using rotating extended bodies. The first test is based on the massvelocity relation in special relativity and the equivalence principle. The second test depends upon the spin-coupling between the rotating bodies. These tests could be done in a rotating torsion balance(More)
A simple model of plasma heating and electron thermal conduction is proposed to estimate the temporal development of the electron temperature of the plasma during interaction of ultra-short laser pulses with solid targets. Our calculations show that the peak temperature is 894 eV and the penetration depth is about 70 nm for an Al target irradiated by an(More)
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