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Acitretin is one of the first line drugs to treat psoriasis, though the mechanisms are not fully clear. It has been reported that psoriatic keratinocytes secreted high level of RANTES, which can induce chemotaxis and activation of T cells, thus may play an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. However, the effect of acitretin on RANTES production(More)
A 28-year-old man presented at our clinic with 1-month history of an ulcer covered with crust on his left anterior tibia. Based on the morphological features and molecular identification, the patient was diagnosed as cutaneous alternariosis caused by Alternaria arborescens. He was successfully cured by oral itraconazole and topical use of 0.25 % liposomal(More)
We report a case of primary cutaneous mucormycosis caused by Mucor irregularis. A 47-year-old farmer was presented to our clinic with the history of progressive red plaque around the inner canthus following dacryocystectomy about a year earlier. Linear, aseptate hyphae were seen by direct KOH examination and in biopsy. Fungal culture revealed light yellow(More)
Penicillium marneffei is a dimorphic fungus that responds to changes in temperature. We performed a comparative analysis of gene expression in mycelial- and yeast-phase P. marneffei cells using high-throughput DNA microarrays. A total of 1,884 differentially expressed genes with annotations in the gene ontology (GO) database were identified between P.(More)
We present a familial infection caused by Arthroderma vanbreuseghemii. The proband is a 4-year-old boy, who had played with rabbits at his rabbit-farm neighbor. He complained of pruritus and pain in his scalp, which displayed redness, alopecia and painful cysts and eventually discharged pus and scabbed. Several erythema on his face and abdomen were also(More)
The causes of seborrheic dermatitis (SD) are complex and incompletely understood. Among the factors, Malassezia yeasts have been reported to play a major etiological role in SD. Many previous studies adopted conventional culture methods that were disadvantaged to detect Malassezia microflora in SD patients, resulting in a low detection rate for each species(More)
This is a case of seborrheic dermatitis (SD) barbae from which Malassezia furfur (M. furfur) was isolated. The patient was a 57-year-old Dutch male, who was hospitalized for fever and weakness of extremities. He presented with symmetrical erythema with an abundance of greasy chaffy scales on his beard area. No reasons were detected for his fever following a(More)
We report a rare case of kerion celsi of the scalp caused by Microsporum gypseum in a boy 1 month after he received dermatoplasty for a scalp injury from a road accident. Species identification was performed by observation of morphologic and biochemical characteristics and sequencing of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) 1 and 2. Treatment with oral(More)