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Cognitive impairments in Huntington's disease (HD) are attributed to a dysfunction of the cortico-striatal pathway and significantly affect the quality of life of the patients, but this has not been a therapeutic focus in HD to date. We postulated that adenosine A(2A) receptors (A(2A)R), located at pre- and post-synaptic elements of the cortico-striatal(More)
An aberrant pancreatic lobe associated with an enteric duplication cyst is a rare cause of relapsing pancreatitis in childhood. We present an 8-year-old boy with relapsing pancreatitis caused by this rare congenital foregut anomaly. The computed tomography (CT) findings revealed an unusually long segment of aberrant pancreatic lobe arising from the(More)
Cotton is one of the important oil crops, and it is great significance for screening and identification of breeding materials to establish a method of the rapid, nondestructive testing of cotton seed oil content. In this study, near-infrared diffuse reflection spectroscopy of 118 high and low oil materials were adopted to establish models for fast(More)
Albumin, which is the most abundant component of urine proteins, exerts injurious effects on renal cells in chronic kidney diseases. However, the toxicity of albumin to podocytes is not well elucidated. Here, we show that a high concentration of albumin triggers intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) increase through mechanisms involving the intracellular(More)
NYGGF4 (also called PID1) was demonstrated that it may be related to the development of obesity-related IR. We aimed in the present study to further elucidate the effects of NYGGF4 on IR and the underlying mechanisms through using α-Lipoic acid (LA) treatment, which could facilitate glucose transport and utilization in fully differentiated adipocytes. Our(More)
Our aim was to study the aging effects on the in vitro biological properties of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) for construction of tissue-engineered heart valves. BMSCs were taken from teenagers with congenital heart diseases, and middle-aged and elderly patients with valvular diseases. Proliferative abilities were compared among the(More)
Overexpression of the Homo sapiens LYR motif containing 1 (LYRM1) causes mitochondrial dysfunction and induces insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. α-Lipoic acid (α-LA), a dithiol compound with antioxidant properties, improves glucose transport and utilization in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the direct effects of α-LA on(More)
Numerous studies have shown that the NALP3 inflammasome plays an important role in various immune and inflammatory diseases. However, whether the NALP3 inflammasome is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) is unclear. In our study, we confirmed that high glucose (HG) concentrations induced NALP3 inflammasome activation both in vivo and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cytokines, leptin and vascular tone-related chemokine and nitric oxide (NO) in type 1 diabetic children. DESIGN AND METHODS Serum samples were collected from 58 children with type 1 diabetes and 33 of their healthy siblings. RESULTS Serum interleukin (IL)-8 was significantly(More)
It is well documented that mitotic arrest deficiency (MAD)2B can inhibit the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) via cadherin (Cdh)1 and, consequently, can destroy the effective mitotic spindle checkpoint control. Podocytes have been observed to rapidly detach and die when being forced to bypass cell cycle checkpoints. However, the role of MAD2B, a(More)