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The relative organization of genes and repetitive DNAs in complex eukaryotic genomes is not well understood. Diagnostic sequencing indicated that a 280-kilobase region containing the maize Adh1-F and u22 genes is composed primarily of retrotransposons inserted within each other. Ten retroelement families were discovered, with reiteration frequencies ranging(More)
Retrotransposons are a class of mobile DNA sequences in eukaryotes that transpose through a reverse-transcribed RNA intermediate. Retrotransposons containing long terminal repeats have many of the attributes of retroviruses in animals but have not been previously observed to acquire a portion of a cellular gene as RNA tumor viruses do with oncogenes. We(More)
Most higher plants have complex genomes containing large quantities of repetitive DNA interspersed with low-copy-number sequences. Many of these repetitive DNAs are mobile and have homology to RNAs in various cell types. This can make it difficult to identify the genes in a long chromosomal continuum. It was decided to use genic sequence conservation and(More)
The end-Permian mass extinction was the most severe biodiversity crisis in Earth history. To better constrain the timing, and ultimately the causes of this event, we collected a suite of geochronologic, isotopic, and biostratigraphic data on several well-preserved sedimentary sections in South China. High-precision U-Pb dating reveals that the extinction(More)
We have sequenced Bs1, an insertion element isolated from a null allele of the Adh1 locus encoding alcohol dehydrogenase in maize. The Bs1 element is 3203 base pairs (bp) in length, has 302-bp identical long terminal direct repeats (LTRs), and created a 5-bp flanking direct duplication of target Adh1 DNA upon insertion. The 5' LTR is followed by a canonical(More)
Recent studies have shown that grass genomes have very similar gene compositions and regions of conserved gene order, as exemplified by collinear genetic maps of DNA markers. We have begun the detailed study of sequence organization in large (100-500 kb) segments of the nuclear genomes of maize, sorghum and rice. Our results indicate collinearity of genes(More)
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