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Fast inactivation of Na channels in neonatal cardiac cells was removed by the action of proteolytic enzymes trypsin or papain. Two stages were apparent in the time course of this process. During the first one, both number of channel reopenings and the mean open time increased markedly even though fast inactivation remained complete. The second stage was(More)
The energy requirements of the brain are amazingly high. The brain represents about 2% of the body weight, but it receives 15% of the total blood flow provided by the cardiovascular system and consumes at least 25% circulating glucose plus 20% oxygen available in the body at rest. The cornerstone feature of the brain energy metabolism is its tight coupling(More)
During the last two decades, it has become widely accepted that GABA, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in mammalian nervous system, exhibits excitatory action at the early stages of postnatal development. This results from a high intracellular Cl− concentration at these stages of the development and is associated with spontaneous synchronized network(More)
"Fast chemical stimulation" was shown to induce potentiation of glutamate-activated currents in neurons isolated from rat hippocampus. A fast application system allowed solution changes up to a rate of 20 Hz. In Mg2(+)-free solution, the response to glutamate application immediately after repetitive stimulation with glutamate plus glycine was increased by(More)
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