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Although a lot of xylanases are studied, only a few xylanases from marine microorganisms have been reported. A new xylanase gene, xynA, was cloned from marine bacterium Glaciecola mesophila KMM 241. Gene xynA contains 1,272 bp and encodes a 423-amino acid xylanase precursor. The recombinant xylanase, XynA, expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 is a monomer(More)
Genomic information has already been applied to prokaryotic species definition and classification. However, the contribution of the genome sequence to prokaryotic genus delimitation has been less studied. To gain insights into genus definition for the prokaryotes, we attempted to reveal the genus-level genomic differences in the current prokaryotic(More)
An orange-pigmented, Gram-negative, nonmotile, strictly aerobic and oxidase- and catalase-positive bacterium (SM-A87(T)) was isolated from the deep-sea sediment of the southern Okinawa Trough area. The main fatty acids were i15 : 0, i17 : 0 3OH, i15 : 1 G, i17 : 1 omega 9c, 15 : 0, i15 : 0 3OH and summed feature 3 (comprising i-15 : 0 2OH and/or 16 : 1(More)
The linker protein L(CM) (ApcE) is postulated as the major component of the phycobilisome terminal energy acceptor (TEA) transferring excitation energy from the phycobilisome to photosystem II. L(CM) is the only phycobilin-attached linker protein in the cyanobacterial phycobilisome through auto-chromophorylation. However, the underlying mechanism for the(More)
Protease-producing bacteria are known to play an important role in degrading sedimentary particular organic nitrogen, and yet, their diversity and extracellular proteases remain largely unknown. In this paper, the diversity of the cultivable protease-producing bacteria and their extracellular proteases in the sediments of the South China Sea was(More)
Although strong fluorescence makes the R-phycoerythrin (R-PE) proteins increasingly useful in biological and clinical assays, they are subject to nonlinear effects including transitions to collective dark states and photodegradation, which complicate quantitative applications. We report measurements of R-PE fluorescence intensity as a function of incident(More)
The enzymes currently used to increase meat tenderness are all mesophilic or thermophilic proteases. This study provides insight into the tenderization effect and the mechanism of a cold-adapted collagenolytic enzyme MCP-01 on beef meat at low temperatures. MCP-01 (10 U of caseinolytic activity) reduced the meat shear force by 23% and increased the relative(More)
Antibiosis is one of the widespread strategies used by Trichoderma spp. against plant fungal pathogens, the mechanism of which, however, remains poorly understood. Peptaibols are a large family of antimicrobial peptides produced by Trichoderma spp. Our previous study showed that trichokonins, a type of peptaibol from Trichoderma pseudokoningii SMF2,(More)
A Gram-negative, facultatively aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain E407-8(T), was isolated from a sediment sample from the South China Sea. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain E407-8(T) was affiliated with the genus Rheinheimera, sharing the highest sequence similarity with(More)
Only a few cold-adapted halophilic proteases have been reported. Here, the gene mcp03 encoding a cold-adapted halophilic protease MCP-03 was cloned from deep-sea psychrotolerant bacterium Pseudoalteromonas sp. SM9913, which contains a 2,130-bp ORF encoding a novel subtilase precursor. The recombinant MCP-03, expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 and purified(More)