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-Transgenic mouse models have been developed to manipulate beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) signal transduction. Although several of these models have altered betaAR subtypes, the specific functional sequelae of betaAR stimulation in murine heart, particularly those of beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2AR) stimulation, have not been characterized. In the(More)
Ca2+ sparks, the elementary units of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release in cardiac, smooth and skeletal muscle are localized (2-4 microns ) increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i, that last briefly (30-100 ms). These Ca2+ sparks arise from the openings of a single SR Ca2+ release channel (ryanodine receptor, RyR) or a few RyRs acting(More)
Cardiac beating arises from the spontaneous rhythmic excitation of sinoatrial (SA) node cells. Here we report that SA node pacemaker activity is critically dependent on Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). In freshly dissociated rabbit single SA node cells, inhibition of CaMKII by a specific peptide inhibitor, autocamtide-2 inhibitory(More)
The occurrence of early after depolarization (EAD) in single mouse ventricular myocytes was observed and its ionic mechanisms were studied using the patch clamp technique. Under treatment with perfusion of Tyrode's solution containing 3 mM KCl and 3 mM CsCl, 3/6 cases exhibited EAD, while with 3 mM KCl or 3 mM CsCl alone, EAD was not induced. The background(More)
The application of molecular biology and the development of patch clamp techniques led to a dramatic progress in the study of diversified and complicated K+ channels in the cardiomyocytes. Molecular studies suggested that all K+ channels are composed of four subunits encoded by genes from a big K+ channel gene family. The mechanisms of K+ channel(More)
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