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We address a novel problem domain in the analysis of optical coherence tomography (OCT) images: the diagnosis of multiple macular pathologies in retinal OCT images. The goal is to identify the presence of normal macula and each of three types of macular pathologies, namely, macular edema, macular hole, and age-related macular degeneration, in the OCT slice(More)
OBJECTIVE Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Emodin is a major ingredient of Rheum Palmatum, a Chinese herb that is widely used in China for treatment of endotoxemia-related diseases. This study intended to examine the effect of Emodin on LPS-induced rat mesenteric microcirculatory disturbance and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS The(More)
The Continuous-Time Hidden Markov Model (CT-HMM) is an attractive approach to modeling disease progression due to its ability to describe noisy observations arriving irregularly in time. However, the lack of an efficient parameter learning algorithm for CT-HMM restricts its use to very small models or requires unrealistic constraints on the state(More)
Nitrotoluenes are important intermediates in the chemical industry. 2,6-Dinitrotoluene (26DNT), 2,4-dinitrotoluene (24DNT) and 2-nitrotoluene are carcinogenic in animals and possibly carcinogenic in humans. It is therefore important to develop methods to biomonitor workers exposed to such chemicals. Hemoglobin (Hb) adducts of nitroarenes are established(More)
3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl lactic acid (DLA) and salvianolic acid B (SAB) are two major water-soluble components of Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM). Previous works have revealed the ability of DLA and SAB to scavenge oxygen free radicals, inhibiting the expression of adhesion molecules CD11b/CD18 in neutrophil. Cardiotonic pills (CP), which is a traditional Chinese(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Cerebralcare Granule (CG) is a Chinese herb compound preparation that has been used for treatment of cerebrovascular related diseases. However, the effect of post-treatment with CG on ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) induced cerebral injury is so far unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS In present study, cerebral global I/R was induced in(More)
Salvia miltiorrhiza is a Chinese medicine widely used for treatment of various cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the role of dihydroxylphenyl lactic acid (DLA) and salvianolic acid B (SAB), the main ingredients of S. miltiorrhiza, in the microcirculation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of DLA and SAB on LPS-elicited(More)
Ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1), ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), and notoginsenoside R1 (R1) are major active components of Panax notoginseng, a Chinese herb that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to enhance blood circulation and dissipate blood stasis. To evaluate the effect of these saponins on microcirculatory disturbance induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS),(More)
Cerebralcare Granule (CG) is a compound Chinese medicine used for treatment of headache and dizziness associated with cerebrovascular diseases. To clarify the mechanism underlying the clinical outcome of CG, this study investigated the effects of CG on the structure and function of cerebral microvasculature during I/R injury. A total of 138 Mongolian(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in Baotou Iron & Steel Company and to provide scientific evidence for prevention and intervention of DM. METHODS Prevalence of DM was studied in 20 221 workers aged 20 years and over (male 15 124 and female 5 097), with the(More)